Woodworking terms - Our guide to Woodworking terminology 2024

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Woodworking terms - Your guide

Welcome to our comprehensive glossary of woodworking terms where learning how to physically create something is only half of the journey.

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Woodworking terminology - Every stage of your journey

Whether you're a seasoned craftsman, a DIY enthusiast, or a woodworking novice, this extensive guide to woodworking terminology aims to demystify the jargon.

Understand the fundamentals of wood grain and joinery techniques and navigate the tools, finishes, and wood types. Our guide to carpentry terminology is a resource you can come back to time after time.

Carpentry terminology - A cheat sheet for beginners

We've carefully curated and defined a vast array of carpentry terms, ensuring that you can confidently explore, engage, and excel in your woodworking projects.

A woodworking glossary can be a cheat sheet to come back to. So dive in and discover the woodworking definitions and terms that will unlock the secrets of woodworking craftsmanship.

Easy to find carpentry terms

With our woodworking thesaurus, you can search for insights on "dovetail joints" or "woodworking mallets," for valuable information for your woodworking journey. Simply use your find function to search for words or phrases you want to understand.


3-Way Adjustable Hinge A hinge that allows adjustments in three directions.
5 Knuckle Ball Bearing Hinge A hinge with five knuckles and ball bearings for smooth operation.
African Padauk A reddish-brown hardwood often used for fine woodworking.
African Wenge A dark brown to black wood, prized for its appearance and durability.
Afromosia A wood with attractive grain and color, often used for furniture.
Air-Cured Finish A finish that dries naturally through exposure to air.
Air-Dried Wood Wood that is dried by exposure to air, reducing moisture content.
Alaskan Mill A portable chainsaw mill for cutting large logs into lumber.
Alcohol-Based Finish A wood finish that uses alcohol as a solvent.
American Beech A light-colored hardwood often used for woodworking.
American Chestnut A hardwood used for its durability, now rare due to disease.
Amish-style Workbench A solid and traditional workbench design often associated with Amish craftsmanship.
Angiosperm Tree Trees that produce seeds enclosed in fruits.
Angle Brackets Metal brackets used to reinforce angles in woodworking projects.
Angle Clamp A clamp used to hold together materials at an angle.
Angle Clamps Clamps designed for holding materials at specific angles.
Anigre A wood with a pale yellow to pinkish-brown color, used in fine woodworking.
Annual Rings The concentric circles in a tree's cross-section, indicating its age.
Antiquing The process of making wood or furniture appear older than it is.
Arbor The shaft on a saw or tool that holds the blade or cutting attachment.
Arid Zone Tree Trees adapted to dry, arid conditions.
Aromatic Cedar A wood known for its pleasant aroma and natural insect repellent properties.
Artist Brushes Brushes used by woodworkers for decorative painting and finishing.
Ash A strong and durable hardwood with a pale color.
Atlantic White Cedar A rot-resistant wood often used in boat building.
Axial Parenchyma Cells in wood responsible for storing and transporting substances.
Backsaw A saw with a reinforced spine for precise, fine cuts.
Badger Hair Brushes Brushes often used for delicate finishing work.
Ball-Peen Hammer A hammer with one flat and one rounded end, used for shaping metal and light striking.
Bamboo Plane A plane used for shaping bamboo, known for its hardness.
Band Clamp A clamp used for securing irregularly shaped objects.
Band Clamps Clamps designed for holding materials of various shapes.
Band Saw A power saw with a continuous blade for making curved cuts.
Bandsaw A common woodworking machine with a continuous blade for cutting curves.
Bandsaw Mill A large bandsaw used for milling logs into lumber.
Bar Clamp A long clamp with a bar for clamping larger workpieces.
Bar Clamp Pad A pad or cover to protect the workpiece when using bar clamps.
Bar Clamps Clamps that use a bar for securing workpieces.
Bar Clamps with Spreaders Bar clamps with mechanisms to spread and hold materials apart.
Bar Hinge A hinge design used for folding tables and similar applications.
Bark The protective outer layer of a tree's trunk.
Bark Inclusion A defect in wood where bark is enclosed within the growth rings.
Bark Pocket An enclosed pocket of bark within a piece of wood.
Barrel Hinge A hinge used for applications that require a rotating barrel-like action.
Bast Fibrous material from plants used for cordage and weaving.
Bastard Cut A type of file or rasp with a moderate tooth spacing.
Bead A decorative, rounded groove or molding often applied to edges.
Beading Chisel A chisel designed for creating beaded profiles in wood.
Beading Tool Tools used for creating decorative bead shapes.
Bed Fittings Hardware used in assembling beds, including brackets and fasteners.
Bed Hardware Various components used to construct or repair bed frames.
Bed Rail Fasteners Fasteners that secure the rails of a bed frame.
Beeswax A natural wax used for finishes, lubrication, and as a polish.
Beeswax Finish A wood finish that includes beeswax for a soft, low-sheen look.
Bench Apron A protective cover on the front of a workbench.
Bench Brush A brush used to sweep wood chips and debris from a workbench.
Bench Chisel A type of chisel commonly used on workbenches.
Bench Cookies Non-slip bench cookies used to hold workpieces securely.
Bench Dog A peg or stop used to secure workpieces on a workbench.
Bench Dogs Multiple bench dogs for securing workpieces at various points.
Bench Dogs Holes Holes in a workbench designed to accommodate bench dogs.
Bench Grinder A stationary power tool used for grinding, sharpening, and polishing.
Bench Holdfast A clamping tool used to secure workpieces to a workbench.
Bench Hook A small woodworking aid used to secure workpieces for cutting.
Bench Plane A hand plane used for smoothing and flattening wood.
Bench Pups Small accessories for holding workpieces on a workbench.
Bench Stop A stop used to hold workpieces securely on a workbench.
Bench Vise A versatile clamping tool for securing workpieces during woodworking.
Bench Vise Bolt A part of the bench vise that adjusts the jaw position.
Bench Vise Dog A tool used to secure materials in a bench vise.
Bench Vise Handle A lever or handle used to tighten the vise jaws.
Bench Vise Jaw The part of a bench vise that holds the workpiece.
Bench Vise Liner A protective lining inside the vise jaws to prevent damage to workpieces.
Bench Vise Nut A component used to secure the bench vise's jaw.
Bench Vise Screw A threaded rod that adjusts the distance between the vise jaws.
Benchcrafted High-quality woodworking hardware and accessories.
Benchcrafted Hardware Premium woodworking hardware designed for use on workbenches.
Bessey Clamp A well-known brand of clamps and woodworking tools.
Bessey Clamps A range of clamps produced by the Bessey company.
Bevel The angle or slant of a surface or edge.
Bevel Edge Chisel A chisel with a beveled edge, used for carving and detailing.
Bevel Gauge A measuring tool for determining angles.
Birch A light-colored hardwood used in various woodworking projects.
Bird's Beak Plane A specialized plane for creating concave or convex shapes.
Bird's Eye A distinctive wood pattern characterized by small, circular figures.
Bird's Eye Maple Wood with a unique pattern featuring small, circular "bird's eyes."
Bird's Mouth A notched joint used in roof framing and other applications.
Birdseye Maple A wood variety known for its bird's eye patterns.
Birdsmouth A notch or joint used in the construction of masts and spars.
Biscuit Joinery A woodworking method that uses biscuits for joining wood.
Biscuit Joint A type of woodworking joint created using biscuits.
Bit Brace A hand tool used to bore holes with auger bits.
Black Locust A durable wood often used for outdoor projects.
Black Spruce A softwood species used for lumber and paper production.
Black Walnut A prized hardwood with a dark color often used in fine woodworking.
Blacksmith Hammer A hammer designed for shaping and forging metal.
Blade Guard A safety device that protects the blade of a power tool.
Bleaching A wood finishing process to lighten or remove the natural color.
Blending Brushes Brushes used for blending and smoothing finishes.
Blind Mortise and Tenon A joint where the tenon is not visible from the outside.
Block Plane A small, handheld plane used for smoothing and shaping wood.
Blocking Mallet A mallet used for tapping or guiding wooden blocks.
Bloodwood A dense and reddish wood commonly used for fine woodworking.
Bluing A chemical process to create a protective layer on steel.
Board Foot A unit of measurement for lumber, representing one square foot by one inch thick.
Bocote A wood species known for its striking appearance.
Bog Tree Trees that grow in swampy or boggy areas.
Boiled Linseed Oil Linseed oil that has been heated to improve drying properties.
Bolted Joint A joint secured with bolts.
Bolts Fasteners used to secure objects with nuts.
Bora Clamp A type of clamp often used in woodworking applications.
Bore To create a hole or cavity in wood or another material.
Boreal Tree Trees found in northern, cold, or boreal regions.
Bow A curvature or bend in wood or other materials.
Bow Plane A specialized plane for smoothing concave surfaces.
Bow Saw A type of saw with a thin blade stretched in a bow-shaped frame.
Bowl Gouge A specialized tool for turning wooden bowls.
Box Hinge A hinge designed for boxes or small cabinets.
Box Joint A joint created by interlocking fingers or pins.
Boxed Heart Wood with a natural or decorative heart-shaped pattern.
Brackets Support or decorative elements used in woodworking.
Brad Nailer A tool for driving small nails or brads into wood.
Bradawl A tool for making small holes or punctures in wood.
Branch A woody part of a tree that extends from the trunk.
Brass Mallet A mallet made of brass for delicate woodworking tasks.
Brick Hammer A specialized hammer for working with bricks and masonry.
Bridle Joint A woodworking joint with a tenon through a mortise hole.
Bristle Brushes Brushes with stiff bristles used for various tasks.
Brite-Dip Finish A finishing process to enhance the appearance of metal.
Broadleaf Tree Trees with wide, flat leaves, such as hardwoods.
Brushed Finish A finish with brushed or textured surface for visual appeal.
Bubinga A reddish-brown wood with a unique grain pattern.
Bud Scar A mark on wood where a bud or twig was attached.
Buffed Finish A finish that has been smoothed and polished to a shine.
Bullet Hinge A hinge with a cylindrical shape for specific applications.
Bullnose A rounded edge or molding detail.
Bullnose Plane A plane used to shape convex surfaces or bullnose edges.
Bullnose Router Bit A router bit for creating bullnose profiles on wood.
Bumping Hammer A hammer used for lightly bumping or tapping objects.
Bumping Mallet A mallet used for gently tapping or bumping surfaces.
Bung A plug used to seal holes in barrels, casks, or containers.
Burl Irregular growth on a tree resulting in distinctive patterns in wood.
Burl Wood Wood with burl formations, prized for its unique appearance.
Burnished Finish A finish that has been polished or burnished to a shine.
Burnisher A tool used to create a polished or burnished surface.
Burr A rough edge or protrusion, often found in wood.
Bushing Hammer A hammer used for bushing tasks, such as bearing installation.
Bushing Mallet A mallet for gentle bushing or bearing-related work.
Butcher Block A thick, solid wood surface commonly used for cutting and chopping.
Butt Hinge A hinge with rectangular plates, used for doors and cabinets.
Butt Joint A joint where two ends meet at a right angle.
Butt Plates Plates used in making butt joints for reinforcement.
Butterfly Hinge A hinge with wing-like flaps, used for decorative and functional purposes.
Butternut A light-colored wood known for carving and woodworking.
Buttress Roots Large, supporting roots found on some tree species.
C-Clamp A clamp in the shape of the letter "C" used for various woodworking tasks.
C-Clamps Multiple C-clamps for securing objects during woodworking.
Cabinet Clamp A clamp designed for cabinet-making and joinery.
Cabinet Clamps Clamps used in cabinetry and furniture construction.
Cabinet Knobs Decorative or functional knobs used on cabinet doors and drawers.
Cabinet Locks Locking mechanisms used on cabinets and furniture.
Cabinet Pulls Handles or pulls for opening cabinet doors and drawers.
Cabinet Scraper A tool used to smooth wood surfaces and remove imperfections.
Cabinetmaker's Bench A workbench designed for cabinet-making tasks.
Cabinetmaker's Knife Hinge A hinge designed to conceal the knifelike joint of cabinet doors.
Cam and Dowel Fasteners Fasteners that use cams and dowels for connecting parts.
Cam Clamp A type of clamp that uses a cam mechanism for securing materials.
Cam Clamps Clamps with cam mechanisms for clamping objects.
Cam Locks Locks that use a cam mechanism for securing cabinets and furniture.
Cambial Zone The growth layer of a tree responsible for adding girth.
Cambium Layer A thin layer of tissue between the bark and wood in a tree.
Canarywood A wood with a distinctive yellow color and attractive grain.
Cannel Gouge A carving tool with a curved blade for hollowing or scooping.
Canopy The uppermost layer of foliage in a forest or ecosystem.
Canopy Tree Trees forming the upper layer of a forest canopy.
Cant A term for a log cut into timber, especially in a sawmill.
Cant Hook A tool used for handling and turning logs.
Card Scraper A handheld scraping tool for smoothing wood surfaces.
Card Table Hinge A type of hinge used in the construction of card tables.
Carnauba Wax A natural wax used in wood finishes and polishes.
Carpenter's Bench A workbench designed for carpentry and general woodworking.
Carpenter's Mallet A mallet used in carpentry and general woodworking.
Carpenter's Saw Saws used by carpenters for various cutting tasks.
Carver's Bench A workbench designed for carving and sculpting.
Carver's Mallet A mallet used in carving and sculpting tasks.
Carver's Maul A heavy mallet for carving and shaping wood.
Carving The practice of creating decorative shapes and designs in wood.
Carving Chisel A chisel designed for carving intricate patterns.
Carving Knife A knife used for carving wood.
Carving Mallet A mallet designed for carving and shaping wood.
Casters Wheels or swivel wheels attached to furniture and equipment for mobility.
Casters and Wheels Various types of casters and wheels for furniture and equipment.
Cat's Paw A prying tool with a curved, claw-like end for removing nails.
Catalyzed Finish A finish that hardens and cures through a chemical reaction.
Catches Devices used to secure doors, lids, or gates.
Caul A flat piece used to distribute pressure during clamping.
Cedar (Western Red Cedar, Eastern Red Cedar) Varieties of cedar wood used in woodworking.
Cedar of Lebanon A specific type of cedar wood from Lebanon used for fine woodworking.
Cellulose The primary compound found in wood cell walls.
Center Pivot Hinge A hinge that pivots around a central point.
Chain Saw Milling The process of using a chainsaw to mill logs into lumber.
Chain Shot A method of distressing wood with a chain or shot.
Chalk Line A tool used to create straight lines on surfaces.
Chalk Paint Brushes Brushes designed for use with chalk paint.
Chamfer A beveled edge or surface often added for decorative or safety purposes.
Chamfer Plane A plane used to create chamfers on wood surfaces.
Chasing Hammer A hammer used in metalwork for chasing or embossing.
Chasing Mallet A mallet used with chasing tools for metalwork.
Checking Small cracks or splits in wood, often caused by drying or weathering.
Cherry A popular hardwood known for its attractive grain and color.
Chip Brushes Brushes with stiff bristles often used for applying adhesives.
Chip Carving A style of carving that involves removing small chips or chunks of wood.
Chip Carving Knife A knife designed for chip carving tasks.
Chip-Out Tearout or splintering of wood fibers during cutting or shaping.
Chipboard A type of engineered wood often used in furniture and cabinetry.
Chipbreaker A part of a plane that breaks or controls wood chips.
Chipping Hammer A specialized hammer for chipping or breaking materials.
Chisel A cutting tool with a sharp edge for carving or shaping wood.
Chisel Hammer A hammer designed for use with chisels.
Chisel Plane A plane specifically designed for precise chiseling tasks.
Chisels A set of chisels for various woodworking applications.
Chuck Key A tool for tightening or loosening the chuck on a drill or similar device.
Circular Plane A specialized plane for creating curved or circular surfaces.
Circular Saw A handheld power saw with a circular blade for cutting wood.
Circular Sawmill A sawmill that uses a circular blade to cut logs into lumber.
Clamp Accessory Additional components or attachments used with clamps.
Clamp Spreader A clamp designed to spread and hold materials apart.
Claw Hammer A common hammer with a curved "claw" for removing nails.
Closed-Pore Finish A wood finish that results in a smooth, non-porous surface.
Club Hammer A small, double-headed hammer with flat and pointed faces.
Clutch Clamp A clamp with a clutch mechanism for quick adjustments.
Cocobolo A tropical hardwood with a deep, rich color and unique grain.
Collar A ring or sleeve used to secure tools or accessories on a shaft.
Colonial-style Workbench A workbench design inspired by colonial-era woodworking.
Comber Brushes Brushes for smoothing and finishing surfaces.
Community Tree Trees shared or cared for by a community or group.
Compass Plane A plane used to shape convex or concave curves.
Compass Saw A small saw with a pointed blade for making curved cuts.
Complementary Tissue Tissue responsible for storing food and nutrients in a tree.
Complex Plane A specialized plane for complex or intricate shaping tasks.
Compound Miter An angled cut made both horizontally and vertically.
Compression Wood Abnormal wood growth under stress, often in coniferous trees.
Concealed Barrel Hinge A hinge with a hidden barrel for a clean, minimalist appearance.
Concealed Hinge A hinge designed to be hidden from view when a door is closed.
Coniferous Trees that produce cones and typically have needle-like leaves.
Coniferous Forest Tree Trees commonly found in coniferous forests.
Coniferous Tree A tree species that produces cones and has needle-like leaves.
Coniferous Trees Various species of coniferous trees used in woodworking.
Continuous Hinge (Piano Hinge) A long hinge that runs the full length of a door or panel.
Contraction A decrease in the volume or size of wood due to drying or cooling.
Conversion Coating Finish A finish formed by a chemical reaction between a coating and a substrate.
Conversion Varnish A durable, protective finish for wood surfaces.
Cope and Stick A method of joining rails and stiles in cabinet door construction.
Cope Stick Router Bit A router bit used for creating cope and stick joints.
Coping Foot A specialized foot for routers used in coping joints.
Coping Plane A plane used to create decorative profiles on the edges of wood.
Coping Saw A fine-toothed saw for intricate curved cuts, such as coping joints.
Copper Hammer A hammer made of copper, used for non-marring tasks.
Copper Mallet A mallet made of copper, often used for metalwork.
Coppice Tree A tree species or tree that has been cut back to the stump to promote regrowth.
Cordless Drill A portable electric drill powered by rechargeable batteries.
Cork A lightweight and buoyant material sometimes used in woodworking.
Cork Cambium A layer of tissue that produces cork and bark in trees.
Corner Braces Brackets used for reinforcing corners of furniture and structures.
Corner Chisel A chisel designed for creating square corners or notches.
Corner Clamp A clamp designed for holding materials at a 90-degree angle.
Corner Clamps Clamps for holding materials securely at corners.
Corner Hinge A hinge designed to fit into the corner of a door or cabinet.
Corner Irons Reinforcing plates used on the corners of wooden structures.
Corner Vise A vise designed to hold materials securely at a corner.
Cortex The outermost layer of a tree responsible for protecting inner tissues.
Cottonwood A softwood tree known for its lightweight and workability.
Countersink A conical depression created in wood for the head of a screw or bolt.
Cove A concave, rounded profile or molding often used in cabinetry.
Crackle Finish A finish that creates a cracked or aged appearance.
Cramp A tool for clamping or securing materials.
Crank Neck Chisel A chisel with a bent or cranked neck for accessing tight spaces.
Cranked Hinge A hinge with a cranked or offset design.
Cranked-Handle Clamps Clamps with cranked or offset handles for better access.
Crook A bend, curvature, or warp in wood.
Cross Grain Wood grain running perpendicular to the length of a board.
Cross-Cut Sled A sled used with a table saw for cross-cutting workpieces.
Cross-Lap Joint A type of joint where two pieces overlap and are notched.
Cross-Peen Hammer A hammer with a peen (end) that runs horizontally across the head.
Crosscut Saw A saw designed for cutting across the wood grain.
Crotch Wood Wood from the crotch or junction of a tree's branches.
Crown Molding A decorative trim used to transition between walls and ceilings.
Crown Molding Saw A saw designed for cutting crown molding.
Cupped Wood that has developed a concave shape.
Cupped Chisel A chisel with a concave face for specific carving tasks.
Cupping The warping or deformation of wood into a concave shape.
Cure Time The time required for a finish or adhesive to fully cure.
Curing Time The duration needed for a substance to harden or cure.
Curl A distinctive grain pattern in wood resembling wavy lines.
Curved Gouge A carving tool with a curved blade for sculpting and shaping.
Curved Sole Plane A plane with a curved sole for working on curved surfaces.
Cylinder Tenon A type of tenon with a cylindrical shape.
Cypress (Bald Cypress, Atlantic White Cedar) Various cypress wood species used in woodworking.
Dado A groove or trench cut into a wood surface to accept another piece.
Dado Blade A specialized circular saw blade for cutting dado joints.
Dado Joint A groove or trench cut to receive another piece in woodworking.
Dado Plane A plane used for smoothing the bottom of dado joints.
Dado Saw A saw designed for cutting dado joints in wood.
Dado Set A set of cutting tools used to create dado joints.
Dados and Rabbets Joinery techniques involving grooves and notches.
Danish Oil A wood finish that combines oil and varnish for a protective finish.
Dead Blow Mallet A mallet filled with material to minimize rebound when struck.
Decay The decomposition or deterioration of wood due to rot or fungi.
Deciduous Trees that shed their leaves annually in the fall.
Deciduous Conifer Trees with characteristics of both deciduous and coniferous trees.
Deciduous Forest Tree Trees commonly found in deciduous forests.
Deciduous Tree A tree that loses its leaves in the fall or dry season.
Deciduous Trees Various species of deciduous trees used in woodworking.
Deck Clamp A clamp used for securing deck boards during installation.
Decorative Hinge A hinge designed with decorative elements for aesthetic purposes.
Decorative T-Strap Hinge A decorative hinge shaped like a "T" strap.
Dehumidification Kiln A kiln designed to reduce humidity and moisture content in wood.
Depth The measurement of how deep a cut or hole is in woodworking.
Detail Brushes Small brushes used for fine, detailed work.
Diameter The measurement of a circle's width, typically referring to the width of a circle or hole.
Diamond Point Chisel A chisel with a pointed diamond-shaped tip for detailed work.
Diffuse-Porous Wood Wood with fairly uniform pores distributed throughout the annual rings.
Distressed A finish or surface treatment that creates an aged or worn appearance.
Distressed Finish A finish applied to wood to create a distressed or weathered look.
Distressed Paint Finish A painted finish designed to look aged or distressed.
Distressed Painted Finish A painted finish with a distressed or antique appearance.
Double Action Hinge A hinge that allows doors to swing both inward and outward.
Double Iron Plane A plane with two iron blades for fine woodworking tasks.
Double-Faced Hammer A hammer with two striking faces for various applications.
Douglas Fir A North American softwood commonly used in construction and woodworking.
Dovetail A type of joint with wedge-shaped fingers that interlock.
Dovetail Chisel A chisel designed for creating dovetail joints.
Dovetail Saw A saw used for cutting dovetail joints.
Dovetail Template A template or guide for creating dovetail joints.
Dowel A cylindrical wooden or metal pin used to join two pieces together.
Dowel Center A tool for accurately locating the center of dowel holes.
Dowel Jig A tool for guiding the drilling of dowel holes in woodworking.
Dowel Joint A joint created by connecting two pieces with dowels.
Dowel Plate A tool used for sharpening the ends of wooden dowels.
Dowel Plate Kit A kit containing multiple dowel plates for different dowel sizes.
Dowel Saw A saw designed for cutting dowels or small wooden rods.
Dowel Screws Screws with a threaded end and a smooth, dowel-like end.
Downdraft Table A worktable designed to capture dust and debris through ventilation.
Draw Bore A technique of using offset holes to pull joints tightly together.
Drawbore The act of using the draw bore technique in woodworking.
Drawbore Pin A pin used to align offset holes in draw bore joinery.
Drawer Locks Locking mechanisms used in drawers for security.
Drawer Slide Hardware that allows drawers to slide in and out smoothly.
Drawer Slides Multiple drawer slide mechanisms for various applications.
Drawer Unit A complete drawer assembly used in furniture or cabinetry.
Drawknife A two-handled tool with a blade used for shaping wood.
Dressed Lumber Lumber that has been planed and smoothed on all sides.
Drill Press A stationary machine for drilling holes in wood and other materials.
Drying Kiln A facility for drying wood to reduce moisture content.
Drying Oil Finish A finish that hardens when exposed to air, often used for wooden surfaces.
Drying Rack A rack used for drying and storing freshly finished woodworking projects.
Drywall Axe A specialized tool for cutting and shaping drywall.
Drywall Hammer A hammer used for driving nails into drywall.
Drywall Taping Knife A tool for applying and smoothing drywall joint compound.
Dull The state of a blade or cutting edge when it has lost its sharpness.
Dummy Hinge A non-functional hinge used for decorative purposes.
Dust Collection The process of capturing and removing dust and debris in a workshop.
Dust Collection System A system for collecting and filtering airborne dust in a workshop.
Dust Mask A mask designed to filter out dust and particles from the air.
Dusting Brushes Brushes used for removing dust and debris from surfaces.
Dutchman Joint A method of repairing defects or voids in wood by inserting a matching piece.
Dye A coloring agent used to add color to wood.
Dye Finish A finish that uses dyes to add color to wood surfaces.
Earlywood The lighter, less dense wood formed during the early part of a growth season.
Eastern Hemlock A softwood tree species known for its use in construction and woodworking.
Eastern Red Cedar A cedar species often used for its aromatic properties in woodworking.
Eastern Red Pine A softwood tree commonly used in construction and carpentry.
Eastern White Cedar A cedar species known for its durability and use in outdoor applications.
Eastern White Spruce A softwood tree species often used in construction and woodworking.
Ebonized Finish A finish that mimics the appearance of ebony wood.
Ebonizing The process of creating an ebony-like appearance on wood surfaces.
Edge The border or periphery of a wooden surface.
Edge Banding A strip of material used to cover the exposed edges of plywood or particleboard.
Edge Clamp A clamp used for holding boards together during edge gluing.
Edge Clamps Clamps used for securing the edges of boards during glue-ups.
Edge Grain The grain pattern that runs along the edge of a board.
Edge Jointing The process of joining the edges of two boards to create a wider panel.
Edge Plane A plane designed for smoothing the edges of wood.
Eglomisé Finish A decorative finish involving gilding and glass inlays.
Embossing Hammer A hammer used for creating raised patterns or textures on metal or wood.
Encased Knot A knot that is surrounded by healthy wood growth.
End Check A crack or split at the end of a board or log.
End Grain The grain pattern exposed at the cut end of a board.
End Nippers Pliers used for cutting or nipping the ends of wires or fasteners.
End Vise A bench vise used for clamping workpieces at the end of a workbench.
Engineer's Hammer A hammer with a heavy head and short handle for powerful striking.
Epidermis The outermost layer of a tree's bark.
Epoxy A type of adhesive or resin known for its strong bonding properties.
Epoxy Adhesion Promoter A substance used to improve the adhesion of epoxy to various materials.
Epoxy Adhesive A strong adhesive that cures by mixing resin and hardener.
Epoxy Adhesive Bond The connection created by bonding materials with epoxy adhesive.
Epoxy Blush A hazy or cloudy film that can form on the surface of curing epoxy.
Epoxy Bonding The process of joining materials using epoxy adhesive.
Epoxy Brushes Brushes used for applying epoxy resin.
Epoxy Bubble Release A substance used to eliminate bubbles in epoxy.
Epoxy Carbon Fiber Carbon fiber reinforcement in epoxy projects.
Epoxy Casting The process of creating three-dimensional objects with epoxy.
Epoxy Casting Mold A mold designed for casting epoxy resin.
Epoxy Chemical Resistance Epoxy's ability to resist damage from chemicals.
Epoxy Chip Repair Repairing chips or damage using epoxy.
Epoxy Cleanup Solvent Solvents used for cleaning epoxy tools and surfaces.
Epoxy Clear Casting Transparent epoxy used for clear casting.
Epoxy Clear Coat A transparent epoxy layer for protection and shine.
Epoxy Coaster Creating coasters using epoxy resin.
Epoxy Coating A layer of epoxy applied for protection and aesthetics.
Epoxy Coloring Adding color to epoxy resin for decorative purposes.
Epoxy Crack Repair Fixing cracks in various materials with epoxy.
Epoxy Curing Rack A rack used to support items during epoxy curing.
Epoxy Drip Edge An edge created with epoxy to prevent drips.
Epoxy Dye Dye used to tint epoxy resin.
Epoxy Encapsulation Encasing objects or materials with epoxy.
Epoxy Feathering The process of feathering or blending epoxy edges.
Epoxy Fiberglass Cloth Reinforcing epoxy with fiberglass cloth.
Epoxy Fill Filling voids or gaps with epoxy.
Epoxy Filler A material added to epoxy to fill gaps and voids.
Epoxy Fillet A curved transition between two surfaces, often made with epoxy.
Epoxy Filleting Compound A compound used for creating fillets with epoxy.
Epoxy Finish Sanding Sanding epoxy to achieve the desired finish.
Epoxy Flood Coat A thick epoxy coating applied to surfaces.
Epoxy Flow Coat A self-leveling epoxy applied to create a smooth surface.
Epoxy Gap Filling Filling gaps or spaces with epoxy.
Epoxy Gloss Finish A high-gloss finish created with epoxy.
Epoxy Gloves Protective gloves worn while working with epoxy.
Epoxy Grain Filling Filling wood grain with epoxy for a smooth surface.
Epoxy Grind Grinding or shaping epoxy using tools or abrasives.
Epoxy Grout Grout made with epoxy for increased durability.
Epoxy Heat Resistance Epoxy's ability to withstand high temperatures.
Epoxy High Viscosity Epoxy with a thick or high-viscosity consistency.
Epoxy Inlay Creating inlays with epoxy resin.
Epoxy Inlay Kit Kits designed for making epoxy inlays.
Epoxy Kevlar Reinforcing epoxy with Kevlar fibers.
Epoxy Laminating The process of layering and laminating materials with epoxy.
Epoxy Low Viscosity Epoxy with a thin or low-viscosity consistency.
Epoxy Matte Finish A matte or non-reflective finish created with epoxy.
Epoxy Microballoons Microballoons added to epoxy to thicken it and reduce weight.
Epoxy Mixing Containers Containers used for mixing epoxy components.
Epoxy Mixing Cups Cups or containers for measuring and mixing epoxy.
Epoxy Mixing Ratio The proportion of epoxy resin and hardener mixed together.
Epoxy Mixing Sticks Sticks or tools used for stirring and mixing epoxy.
Epoxy Molding Molding created using epoxy resin.
Epoxy Overlay Applying epoxy as an overlay to existing surfaces.
Epoxy Paint Paint made with epoxy resin for durability.
Epoxy Penetrating Resin Resin designed to penetrate and harden wood.
Epoxy Pigment Pigments added to epoxy for coloration.
Epoxy Polishing Polishing epoxy surfaces to enhance appearance.
Epoxy Potting Encasing electrical components in epoxy for protection.
Epoxy Pour Pouring epoxy resin onto surfaces for various applications.
Epoxy Putty A putty-like epoxy used for repairs and filling.
Epoxy Putty Stick Epoxy putty in a stick form for convenience.
Epoxy Release Agent Substances used to prevent epoxy from sticking to molds or surfaces.
Epoxy Resin A versatile adhesive and coating material.
Epoxy Resin Art Creating art and decorative pieces using epoxy resin.
Epoxy Resin Hardness The level of hardness achieved by cured epoxy resin.
Epoxy Resin Pumps Pumps used for dispensing epoxy resin and hardener.
Epoxy Respirator A respirator worn when working with epoxy to protect against fumes.
Epoxy River Table A table crafted with a flowing epoxy river design.
Epoxy Rollers Rollers for spreading epoxy evenly on surfaces.
Epoxy Safety Glasses Protective glasses for eye safety while working with epoxy.
Epoxy Sanding Sanding epoxy surfaces for smoothness and uniformity.
Epoxy Satin Finish A smooth, satin-like finish achieved with epoxy.
Epoxy Sculpting Shaping and sculpting epoxy for artistic or design purposes.
Epoxy Seal Coat A sealing coat of epoxy applied before a flood or flow coat.
Epoxy Sealer Epoxy used for sealing and protecting surfaces.
Epoxy Self-Leveling Epoxy that levels itself to create an even surface.
Epoxy Sheen The level of shine or gloss in an epoxy finish.
Epoxy Silica Silica added to epoxy for thickening and reinforcement.
Epoxy Spreaders Tools for spreading and distributing epoxy evenly.
Epoxy Stabilization Stabilizing and strengthening wood using epoxy.
Epoxy Surface Preparation Preparing surfaces for epoxy applications.
Epoxy Syringe Applicator Applicators resembling syringes for precise epoxy dispensing.
Epoxy Syringes Syringe-like tools for accurate epoxy application.
Epoxy Thickener Additives that increase the viscosity of epoxy.
Epoxy Tint Tints and dyes for coloring epoxy resin.
Epoxy Top Coat The final coat of epoxy applied for protection.
Epoxy Trowel Trowels used to apply epoxy to surfaces.
Epoxy UV Resistance Epoxy's ability to resist damage from ultraviolet (UV) light.
Epoxy UV Stabilizer Additives used to protect epoxy from UV degradation.
Epoxy Varnish A varnish made with epoxy resin for added protection.
Epoxy Wet Sanding Sanding epoxy surfaces while wet for a smooth finish.
Epoxy Wood Repair Repairing wood with epoxy to restore strength and appearance.
Epoxy Wood Stabilization Using epoxy to stabilize and strengthen wood.
Escutcheons Decorative plates or covers for keyholes or hardware.
Euro Hinge A type of hinge commonly used in European-style cabinetry.
European 170° Hinge A hinge that opens to a wide 170-degree angle.
European Concealed Hinge Hinges designed to be concealed when the door is closed.
European Overlay Hinge Hinges for overlay cabinet doors in European-style cabinetry.
European Style Hinge Hinges typically used in European-style cabinetry.
European-style Workbench A workbench design inspired by European woodworking traditions.
Evergreen Tree A tree that retains its leaves or needles year-round.
Exothermic Reaction A chemical reaction that releases heat.
Expandable Clamp A clamp that can be extended or adjusted in size.
Expansion The process of materials expanding due to temperature or moisture changes.
Eye Screws Screws with loops for attaching ropes or cables.
F-Clamp A type of clamp with an F-shaped bar for secure gripping.
F-Clamp (C-Clamp) A type of clamp with an F- or C-shaped bar for securing materials.
F-Clamps Multiple F-clamps used for various clamping applications.
Face The visible surface of a woodwork piece.
Face Clamp A clamp designed to secure workpieces by holding them together.
Face Frame A frame attached to the front of a cabinet for added support and aesthetics.
Face Frame Hinge Hinges designed for attaching doors to cabinet face frames.
Face Side The side of a wood board or piece with the best visual appearance.
Faceplate A plate attached to the headstock of a lathe for attaching workpieces.
Fan Brushes Brushes with a fan-shaped bristle arrangement.
Fancy Hinge Decorative hinges used for cabinets and furniture.
Feather Key A key used to secure a shaft to a hub in woodworking machinery.
Featherboard A device used to guide wood through a tool while keeping it against a fence.
Feathered Edge An edge that gradually tapers or rounds.
Feeder Roots Roots that absorb water and nutrients from the soil.
Fiber The basic building blocks of wood structure.
Fiber Cells Cells within wood that make up its structure.
Fiberboard Engineered wood product made from wood fibers and resin.
Fiberglass Claw Hammer A hammer with a fiberglass handle and a curved claw for nail removal.
Fiberglass Handle Hammer A hammer with a handle made of fiberglass material.
Fiberglass Handle Mallet A mallet with a handle made of fiberglass.
Fiberglass Mallet A mallet with a head made of fiberglass material.
Fiberglass Tape Tape made of fiberglass for reinforcing joints or seams.
Fiddleback Figured wood grain pattern resembling a musical instrument's back.
File Card A tool used for cleaning and maintaining files and rasps.
Fillet A rounded strip or molding used for decorative and structural purposes.
Film Finish A wood finish that forms a thin, protective film on the surface.
Finger Joint A joint formed by interlocking fingers or notches.
Finial Tipped Hinge Hinges with decorative finial tips.
Finishing Hammer A lightweight hammer used for precise finishing work.
Fir (Douglas Fir, Grand Fir) Various types of fir trees used for woodworking.
Fire Finish A finish applied to wood that is set on fire to create a unique appearance.
Fishmouth Joint A woodworking joint resembling an open fish's mouth.
Fishtail Chisel A chisel with a blade shaped like a fishtail.
Fitch Brushes Brushes designed for stippling or decorative painting.
Fixed Pin Butt Hinge A butt hinge with fixed or non-removable pins.
Flag Hinge A type of hinge with a flag-like design.
Flare A gradual outward curve or spreading shape.
Flat Chisel A chisel with a flat-shaped blade for cutting and carving.
Flat Finish A wood finish that creates a flat or matte appearance.
Flat Sawn Wood cut from a log in a flat or tangential grain pattern.
Flatsawn Another term for "flat sawn," referring to wood grain orientation.
Flitch A section of wood cut from a log, including both faces and edges.
Flogger Brushes Brushes for flogging or stippling techniques in painting.
Floodplain Tree Trees that typically grow in floodplain areas near water.
Flush Hinge Hinges designed to be flush with the surface they're attached to.
Flush Trim Bit Router bits used to trim edges flush with a template or workpiece.
Flush Trim Router Bit A router bit used to trim the edge of one material flush with another.
Flush Trim Saw A saw used for trimming edges flush with a template or workpiece.
Flute Chisel A chisel with a flute-shaped blade.
Fluting A decorative pattern of parallel grooves or channels.
Foam Brushes Brushes with foam heads for applying various coatings.
Footprint The size and shape of an object's base or contact area.
Fore Plane A hand plane used for preliminary surface smoothing.
Fore-and-Aft Plane A plane used to shape and smooth wood along the grain.
Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) An organization promoting responsible forestry practices.
Forged Iron Iron that is heated and hammered to shape it.
Forged Steel Steel that is heated and hammered to shape it.
Forstner Bit A specialized drill bit for creating flat-bottomed holes.
Frame Clamp Clamps designed for clamping the frames of cabinets or furniture.
Frame Clamps Multiple frame clamps used for securing frame joints.
Frame Saw A large, two-handled saw used for resawing or cutting large timber.
Framing Hammer A hammer designed for framing or structural work.
Framing Square A square tool used for measuring and marking right angles.
Free of Heart Center (FOHC) Wood cut from the outer portion of the log, excluding the central heartwood.
French Cleat A type of wall hanging system with interlocking cleats.
French Polish A traditional wood finishing technique using shellac and polishing.
French Polished Shellac Shellac used for French polishing, a finishing technique.
French Polished Varnish Varnish used for French polishing wood surfaces.
French Polishing A wood finishing technique using shellac and a rubbing pad.
Fret Saw A saw used for intricate cutting in thin materials.
Fretwork Intricate decorative patterns or designs in wood.
Friction Fit A joint or connection that relies on friction to hold parts together.
Friction Hinge Hinges designed to resist movement without external force.
Fruit Tree Trees that produce fruit, often used for woodworking.
Fumed Finish A finish created by exposing wood to ammonia fumes, darkening its color.
Furniture Bolts Bolts used to secure furniture parts together.
Furniture Connectors Connectors designed for assembling furniture components.
Furniture Feet Feet or legs attached to furniture pieces for support and aesthetics.
Furniture Glides Glides or sliders added to furniture to ease movement.
Furniture Hinges Hinges specifically designed for use in furniture.
Furniture Knobs and Handles Knobs and handles used for opening and closing furniture doors and drawers.
G-Clamp A type of clamp shaped like the letter "G" for holding workpieces.
Gate Hardware Hardware components used for gates and doors.
Gate Hinge Hinges designed for use in gates or heavy doors.
Gel Stain A type of stain with a gel-like consistency.
Gel Stain Applicator Brushes Brushes designed for applying gel stain.
Gel Time The time it takes for epoxy or resin to gel or become semi-solid.
Geologist's Hammer A hammer used in geology for rock and mineral exploration.
Geology Pick Hammer A pick-like hammer used in geological fieldwork.
Gesso A preparatory coating for wood surfaces before painting.
Gesso Brushes Brushes used for applying gesso to surfaces.
Gilding The application of thin layers of gold or other metals for decoration.
Gilding Brushes Brushes designed for gilding techniques and applications.
Gimlet A hand tool for drilling small holes or pilot holes.
Glass Door Hinge Hinges designed for glass doors in cabinets and furniture.
Glass Door Pivot Hinge Hinges for glass doors that allow pivoting or swinging movement.
Glass Panel A panel made of glass, commonly used in cabinet doors.
Glass Shelf Brackets Brackets used for supporting glass shelves.
Glaze A translucent coating applied to wood for decorative purposes.
Glazing Bead Mallet A mallet used for securing glazing beads in windows.
Glazing Finish A finish used to create the appearance of glazed or stained wood.
Glazing Hammer A hammer used for gently tapping or adjusting glass panes in doors or windows.
Glides Devices that facilitate the movement of furniture or cabinets.
Glue Brush A brush designed for applying glue to woodworking joints or surfaces.
Glue Brushes Multiple brushes used for applying glue to various woodworking projects.
Glue Line The adhesive interface or joint created when two pieces of wood are glued together.
Glue-Up The process of assembling and bonding wood components or pieces using glue.
Gluing Cauls Cauls used to evenly distribute clamping pressure during glue-up.
Gluing Clamp A clamp used to secure wood pieces during the gluing process.
Gluing Clamps Multiple clamps used for securing wood pieces during glue-up.
Goncalo Alves A tropical hardwood known for its striking appearance and used in fine woodworking.
Gouge A cutting tool with a concave blade used for carving or shaping wood.
Grafting The process of joining a scion (twig) of one tree onto the rootstock of another.
Grain The pattern and direction of wood fibers within a piece of wood.
Grain Filler A material used to fill wood grain pores before applying finish.
Grain Filling The process of filling wood grain pores with a grain filler before finishing.
Grain Match Aligning or matching the grain pattern between adjoining wood pieces.
Grain Orientation The direction in which wood fibers run in a piece of wood.
Grain Raising The natural raising of wood grain when it is exposed to moisture, typically requiring sanding.
Graining Brushes Brushes used for creating wood grain patterns during finishing.
Grease Pencil A type of pencil used for marking on various surfaces, including wood.
Green Wood Wood that has not been dried or seasoned and contains a high moisture content.
Grindstone A stone wheel used for grinding and sharpening cutting tools.
Grommets Rings or eyelets used for reinforcing holes in fabric, leather, or wood.
Groove A channel or slot cut into a wood surface to receive another piece (e.g., for joinery).
Growth Rings Rings in wood that represent a year of growth, often called annual rings.
Gum Hammer A mallet with a gum rubber head for delicate applications.
Gymnosperm Tree A type of tree characterized by bearing naked seeds, such as pine, spruce, or fir trees.
Hackberry A type of wood with light color and distinctive grain, commonly used in woodworking.
Hacksaw A small saw with fine teeth used for cutting metal or plastic materials.
Hake Blenders Brushes known for soft blending and shading in artistic applications.
Hake Brushes Brushes with soft bristles used in various painting techniques.
Half Lap Joint A woodworking joint where two pieces of wood are notched to half their thickness to overlap.
Half-Blind Dovetail A type of dovetail joint where the tails are hidden when assembled.
Hammer Set A set of hammers designed for various woodworking tasks.
Hand Saw A saw designed for hand use, typically smaller and more portable than power saws.
Hand Screw Clamp A clamp with wooden jaws and threaded screws, often used for holding workpieces.
Hand Screw Clamps Multiple hand screw clamps used for securing workpieces in place.
Handles Various grip handles used on tools and equipment in woodworking.
Hanger Bolts Bolts with wood screw threads on one end and machine threads on the other.
Hardener A substance that initiates or accelerates the curing or hardening of materials like epoxy.
Hardwax Oil A type of wood finish that combines oil and wax for protection and sheen.
Hardwood A category of wood derived from broad-leaved trees, typically deciduous trees.
Hardwood Tree Trees that produce hardwood lumber and are used in various woodworking applications.
Hasps Hinged metal fasteners used for locking doors, cabinets, or chests.
Haunch A portion of a tenon that does not extend to the shoulder, creating a step-like joint.
Heart Check A crack or split that radiates from the center of a tree's heartwood.
Heartwood The inner, older, and non-living wood in a tree's trunk, often darker in color.
Heat-Shrunk Finish A finish that contracts or shrinks when exposed to heat, creating a tight seal.
Heavy Duty Hinge Hinges designed to handle heavier doors or lids in furniture and cabinets.
Heel The back part of a plane or the bottom of a tool's cutting edge.
Height The measurement of an object from its base to its highest point.
Hemlock A softwood tree commonly used in construction and woodworking.
Hickory A hardwood known for its strength and used for tool handles and furniture.
High Angle Plane A plane with a high cutting angle used for smoothing difficult grain.
High-Build Finish A finish applied with a thick film build, often requiring fewer coats.
High-Gloss Finish A finish with a highly reflective and shiny surface.
Hinge Mortise A recess or hole in a door or frame for installing a hinge.
Hock Plane Planes made by Ron Hock, known for their quality blades and performance.
Hog Bristle Brushes Brushes with coarse bristles typically used in heavy applications.
Hold-Down Clamp A clamp designed to hold workpieces securely in place during woodworking operations.
Hold-Down Clamps Multiple clamps designed to secure workpieces during various woodworking tasks.
Holdfast A clamping device used to secure workpieces to a workbench or surface.
Hollow Chisel Mortiser A machine used for cutting square holes and mortises in wood.
Hollows and Rounds A set of specialized hand planes used for shaping curves in wood.
Holtey Plane Planes made by Karl Holtey, highly regarded for their precision and quality.
Honeycomb A structure with hexagonal cells used in lightweight core materials.
Honing Guide A tool that assists in maintaining consistent angles while sharpening blades.
Honing Oil A lubricant used for sharpening blades and tools.
Hook and Band Hinge A type of hinge with hook-shaped bands for hanging gates or doors.
Hook Knife A knife with a hook-shaped blade used for carving and sculpting.
Hooks Various hooks used for hanging and securing items in woodworking shops.
Hooks and Hangers A range of hooks and hangers used for organizing and hanging tools and equipment.
Hornbeam A hardwood tree known for its strength and used for tool handles and carvings.
Hot-Coated Finish A finish applied as a hot liquid, which solidifies as it cools.
Inclined Screw A vise screw that is at an angle, often used in traditional workbenches.
Infeed and Outfeed Tables Tables used to support workpieces when feeding them into and out of machines.
Infeed Table A table or support surface used for guiding workpieces into a machine.
Infill Plane A type of hand plane with a metal body filled with wood or other material.
Inlay A decorative technique involving the insertion of contrasting materials into wood.
Inlay Banding Decorative strips or bands of contrasting material used in inlay work.
Insect Holes Small holes or tunnels created by insects in wood.
Inserts Metal or threaded components inserted into wood for various purposes.
Inverted Router A router mounted beneath a table, used for routing profiles on the underside of workpieces.
Invisible Hinge (SOSS Hinge) A concealed hinge used for completely hidden door installations.
Iron Mallet A mallet with an iron head, used for heavy-duty applications.
Irwin Clamp Clamps and woodworking tools made by Irwin Tools, a well-known manufacturer.
Jack Plane A type of hand plane designed for initial stock removal and smoothing.
Jack Rabbet Plane A plane used for cutting rabbets or rebates in wood.
Jack Smoother Plane A smaller hand plane used for smoothing and finishing surfaces.
Janka Hardness A measure of wood's hardness or resistance to indentation, determined by a standardized test.
Janka Hardness Test A test that measures a wood's hardness based on its resistance to indentation.
Japanese Chisel A chisel with a Japanese design and blade geometry, used in Japanese woodworking.
Japanese Flush-Cut Saw A saw used for flush cutting dowels or through-tenons in woodworking.
Japanese Kataba Saw A type of Japanese saw with teeth on one side, used for general woodworking.
Japanese Plane Hand planes designed for use in Japanese woodworking.
Japanese Pull Saw A type of Japanese saw that cuts on the pull stroke, offering precision and control.
Japanese Ryoba Saw A versatile Japanese saw with teeth for cross-cutting and rip-cutting.
Japanese Trestle Bench A traditional Japanese-style workbench often used in Japanese woodworking.
Jeweler's Plane A small plane designed for precision work in jewelry making and fine woodworking.
Jeweler's Saw A small saw used for precision cutting in jewelry making and fine woodworking.
Jig A device or tool used to guide, control, or assist in making accurate cuts or joints.
Jig Saw A power tool used for making curved or intricate cuts in wood and other materials.
Jigsaw Another name for a jigsaw, typically referring to the power tool used in woodworking.
Jigsaw Puzzle Joint A woodworking joint that resembles the interlocking pieces of a jigsaw puzzle.
Joggle Stick A wooden stick used as a spacer or support in various woodworking tasks.
Joiner's Bench A workbench designed for joinery work, featuring clamping and support features.
Joiner's Mallet A mallet designed for use by joiners and woodworkers to assemble joints.
Joinery The practice of creating and assembling joints to connect wood pieces together.
Jointer Plane A hand plane used to flatten and straighten the edges of boards for joining.
Jorgensen Clamp Clamps manufactured by Jorgensen, a reputable brand known for their quality.
K-Body Clamps Clamps with a parallel-jaw design for high clamping pressure and stability.
Kant-Twist Clamp A type of clamp known for its ability to maintain parallel pressure on workpieces.
Kerf The slot or cut made by a saw blade, typically the width of the blade itself.
Kerf Spacing The gap between multiple kerf cuts made to remove material or create a groove.
Kerfing The process of making kerf cuts in wood, often for bending or inlays.
Kerfing Plane A specialized plane used to create kerf cuts or grooves in wood.
Keyhole Hangers Hardware used to hang objects with keyhole-shaped slots on a wall.
Keyhole Saw A small saw with a pointed blade used for cutting keyhole-shaped holes.
Kiln-Dried Wood Wood that has been dried in a kiln to reduce its moisture content for woodworking.
Knife Hinge A type of hinge with pivoting blades, often used for decorative cabinet doors.
Knob and Tube Wiring An older electrical wiring system using ceramic knobs and tubes, now outdated.
Knockdown Fasteners Fasteners designed for easy assembly and disassembly of furniture or projects.
Knot A hard, circular area in wood where a branch grew, often causing irregular grain patterns.
Kreg Clamp Clamps and woodworking tools made by Kreg, a well-known manufacturer.
Lacewood A wood with distinctive lace-like grain patterns, often used in fine woodworking.
Lacquer A type of finish known for its clarity, quick drying, and durability.
Lacquer Finish A finish created using lacquer, providing a clear and glossy protective coating.
Laminated Wood Wood composed of multiple layers or plies glued together for strength and stability.
Lap Joint A type of joint where two pieces overlap, typically joined by screws or glue.
Latches Hardware components used to secure doors, lids, or other moving parts.
Lateral Roots The horizontal roots of a tree that extend out from the main trunk.
Latewood The denser, darker wood formed during the latter part of the growth season.
Lathe Chisel A chisel designed for shaping wood on a lathe machine.
Lathe Chuck A clamping device on a lathe used to hold and secure workpieces.
Lathe Faceplate A circular metal plate attached to a lathe spindle to secure workpieces.
Lathe Speed The rotational speed of a lathe, measured in revolutions per minute (RPM).
Lathe Tool Rest A support for lathe chisels and tools during turning operations.
Lazy Susans Rotating trays or shelves used in cabinets for easy access to stored items.
Lead Hammer A mallet with a lead head used for delicate tasks in woodworking.
Lead Mallet Another term for a mallet with a lead head for fine woodworking work.
Leaf A movable or hinged section of an object, often used in table extensions.
Leaf Scar A mark left on a tree where a leaf has fallen off or been removed.
Leather Burnisher A tool used to smooth and round the edges of leather or other materials.
Leather Hammer A mallet with a leather striking surface, suitable for delicate work.
Leather Mallet A mallet with a leather head designed to prevent marring or damage.
Leg Vise A vise installed at the end of a workbench for clamping long workpieces.
Length The measurement of an object from one end to the other.
Lenticels Small, corky pores or openings in tree bark that allow for gas exchange.
Levelers Adjustable feet or components used to level and stabilize furniture or equipment.
Lever Clamp A clamp using a lever to apply pressure and secure workpieces.
Lid Supports Hardware that holds lids, cabinet doors, or similar objects in various positions.
Lift-Off Barrel Hinge A hinge that allows doors or lids to be removed easily without unscrewing.
Lift-Off Hinge A hinge that enables doors or lids to be lifted off for removal.
Lift-Up Fittings Hardware that assists in lifting and holding doors or lids in an open position.
Lightly Stained Finish A finish where wood is stained but the color remains relatively light.
Lignin A natural polymer in wood cells that provides strength and rigidity.
Lignum Vitae A dense and durable hardwood known for its self-lubricating properties.
Liming Wax A wax-based product used to create a white, limed finish on wood.
Lineman's Hammer A hammer designed for linemen and used for heavy-duty applications.
Linseed Oil A natural oil used as a finish and conditioner for wood and other materials.
Live Edge The natural, irregular edge of a piece of wood, often preserved in furniture.
Lock Miter Joint A type of miter joint that interlocks to create a strong and precise corner.
Locking Pliers Pliers with a locking mechanism for gripping and holding objects firmly.
Lodgepole Pine A softwood tree commonly used in construction, paneling, and woodworking.
Log Deck A platform or area where logs are stored before processing in a sawmill.
Log Scale A system for measuring and scaling logs based on their dimensions and volume.
Log Yard An area where logs are sorted, stored, and prepared for processing.
Logger A person or machine operator involved in the harvesting and transport of logs.
Long Bent Chisel A chisel with a long, bent blade, used for carving and sculpting wood.
Long Bent Gouge A gouge chisel with a long, bent blade, used for carving and shaping.
Loose Joint Hinge A hinge designed to be adjustable or removable for easy installation.
Low Angle Plane A hand plane with a low cutting angle, ideal for end grain and fine smoothing.
Luthier A craftsperson who makes or repairs stringed musical instruments.
Lye A strong alkaline solution used for various woodworking processes.
Machinist Square A precision measuring tool used for checking right angles and straight edges.
Machinist's Hammer Hammers designed for use in machining and metalworking applications.
Madrone A hardwood tree with beautiful, varied grain patterns, used in fine woodworking.
Magnetic Catches Catches with magnets used to secure doors or drawers in closed positions.
Mahogany (African Mahogany, Honduran Mahogany) A prized hardwood used in fine furniture making.
Mallet A hand tool with a weighted head used for striking or driving objects.
Mallet Head The striking portion of a mallet, made from materials like wood, rubber, or leather.
Mallet Set A collection of mallets with various head materials and sizes for different tasks.
Mandrel A spindle or shaft used to hold workpieces in lathes, drills, or rotary tools.
Maple (Hard Maple, Soft Maple) Hard maple and soft maple are popular hardwoods used in woodworking.
Marbling Brushes Brushes used to create marbled patterns in various artistic applications.
Marine Hinge Hinges designed for use in marine or boat applications, offering corrosion resistance.
Marking Gauge A woodworking tool for marking parallel lines or measurements on workpieces.
Marking Jig A jig or tool used to mark workpieces accurately for cutting or drilling.
Marking Knife A knife with a fine, pointed blade used for scribing precise lines on wood.
Marquetry A decorative woodworking technique that involves creating intricate veneer patterns.
Masonry Hammer A hammer with a chisel-like end for use in masonry and stone work.
Match Plane A specialized hand plane for creating matched profiles or molding.
Matte Finish A finish that lacks gloss or shine, creating a flat or non-reflective surface.
Mature Tree A tree that has reached full growth and maturity, often suitable for harvesting.
Medullary Rays Rays of cells in wood that extend radially from the center of a tree's trunk.
Milk Paint A traditional paint made from milk protein, lime, and pigments, often used for rustic finishes.
Mill Bastard File A file with a moderate cutting pattern, suitable for general-purpose filing.
Mineral Streaks Discolorations or darker areas in wood caused by mineral deposits.
Miter A joint formed by cutting two pieces of wood at an angle, typically 45 degrees.
Miter Bench A workbench designed for mitering, cutting, and assembling miter joints.
Miter Box A device used to guide a saw for making precise miter cuts.
Miter Clamp A clamp used for securing miter joints during glue-up.
Miter Clamps Multiple clamps used for securing miter joints during assembly.
Miter Gauge A tool used on a table saw for making accurate crosscuts and miter cuts.
Miter Joint A joint created by joining two pieces of wood at an angle, typically 45 degrees.
Miter Saw A power saw designed for making precise miter and crosscuts.
Miter Shooting Board A tool for shooting or trimming mitered ends for a perfect fit.
Mitre Template A template or pattern used to create and verify mitered angles.
Mixed Forest Tree A tree found in a forest that contains a variety of different tree species.
Molding Plane A specialized hand plane used for shaping decorative moldings.
Moravian Workbench A traditional woodworking workbench known for its robust construction.
Mortise A rectangular hole or recess cut into wood to receive a tenon.
Mortise and Tenon A strong joint created by inserting a tenon into a mortise.
Mortise and Tenon Joint A joint created by inserting a tenon into a mortise.
Mortise and Wedge Joint A variation of the mortise and tenon joint secured with a wedge.
Mortise Chisel A chisel specifically designed for cutting mortises.
Mortise Gauge A tool for marking out or measuring mortise and tenon joints.
Mortise Joint A type of woodworking joint formed by cutting a mortise and inserting a tenon.
Mortising Attachment A tool or accessory for drilling or cutting mortises.
Moulding Plane A hand plane designed for shaping decorative moldings or profiles.
Mountain Tree A tree typically found in mountainous regions with varying species.
Mounting Plates Hardware used to attach or secure objects, such as legs to a surface.
Moxon Vise A type of workbench vise with wooden jaws and dual screws for holding workpieces.
Moxon Vise Bench A workbench equipped with a Moxon vise for clamping and securing workpieces.
Multi-function Workbench A versatile workbench designed with various features for multiple tasks.
Nail Gun A power tool designed to drive nails quickly and efficiently.
Nail Hammer A hammer used for driving nails into wood or other materials.
Nail Set A tool used to countersink nail heads below the wood's surface.
Napping Hammer A hammer with a textured head used to create surface textures in wood.
Needleleaf Tree Trees with needle-like leaves, commonly referring to conifers.
Nicholson Bench A classic woodworking workbench design known for its sturdiness.
Nicholson-style Bench A workbench inspired by the design principles of the Nicholson bench.
No-Mortise Hinge A hinge that does not require a mortise or recess in the door or frame.
Non-Mortise Hinge A hinge designed to be surface-mounted without mortising.
Nut Tree A tree that produces edible nuts, such as walnut or pecan trees.
Nyle Kiln A type of lumber kiln known for its efficiency in drying wood.
Nylon Brushes Brushes with nylon bristles, suitable for various finishing and cleaning tasks.
Nylon Mallet A mallet with a nylon head, often used to prevent marring of workpieces.
Oak (Red Oak, White Oak) A popular hardwood species with red oak and white oak varieties.
Offset Hinge A hinge with an offset pivot point that allows a door to swing clear of the frame.
Offset Pivot Hinge A hinge designed with an off-center pivot point for specific applications.
Ogee A decorative molding or edge profile with an S-shaped curve.
Oil Finish A finish applied to wood surfaces that penetrates and enhances the natural grain.
Oil-Based Polyurethane Finish A durable finish for wood surfaces that contains polyurethane resins.
Old Growth Tree A tree that has reached maturity without significant human interference.
Opaque Finish A finish that lacks transparency and provides solid, non-see-through coverage.
Open-Pore Finish A finish that allows the wood grain to remain visible with open or unfilled pores.
Orbital Sander A power tool used for sanding wood surfaces with a circular sanding motion.
Osage Orange A hardwood tree species known for its dense, durable wood.
Outrigger An extension or support for a tool or machine, often used in woodworking machinery.
Ovolo A decorative molding profile featuring a convex shape.
Pacific Coast Maple A variety of maple tree species found along the Pacific coast.
Pacific Silver Fir A tree species known for its timber, used in various woodworking applications.
Paddle Brushes Brushes with wide, flat bristles, suitable for various finishing and coating tasks.
Paint A liquid finish or coating applied to protect and decorate wood surfaces.
Paint Brushes Brushes designed for applying paint to surfaces, available in various styles and sizes.
Paint Wash A technique involving the application of diluted paint to create a translucent, colored wash.
Palm Chisel A compact chisel designed to be held in the palm of the hand for delicate work.
Palm Router A small, handheld router used for trimming, profiling, and routing tasks.
Panel Clamp A clamp used to secure glued-up panels during the drying process.
Panel Gauge A marking tool used for laying out lines parallel to the edge of a panel.
Panel Hammer A small hammer for tapping or adjusting wooden panels during assembly.
Panel Plane A hand plane designed for flattening and smoothing large wooden panels.
Panel Saw A saw designed for making straight and precise cuts on wooden panels.
Parallel Lines or objects that are equidistant from each other and do not intersect.
Parallel Bar Clamp A clamp with parallel jaws for clamping large workpieces evenly.
Parallel Clamp Another term for a parallel bar clamp, used for even clamping pressure.
Parallel Clamps Multiple clamps with parallel jaws for even pressure distribution.
Paring Chisel A chisel with a long, slender blade, suitable for fine and precise paring cuts.
Parliament Butt Hinge A butt hinge with wide leaves, often used for architectural doors.
Parliament Hinge Another term for a Parliament Butt Hinge, known for its ornate design.
Paste Wax A wax-based finish applied to wood surfaces for protection and sheen.
Pawl A hinged or pivoting component that engages with a ratchet for locking.
Pecan A type of hickory tree known for its hardwood and edible nuts.
Peeler Log A log used for producing veneer sheets by rotary cutting or peeling.
Peg Hole A hole drilled or created to receive a peg or tenon for joining pieces.
Pen Blank A small, rectangular piece of wood used for making custom pens.
Pen Lathe A specialized lathe designed for turning pens and small cylindrical items.
Pen Turning The craft of turning wooden pen blanks on a lathe to create custom pens.
Penetrating Finish A finish that penetrates the wood, enhancing the grain while providing protection.
Periderm The protective tissue or bark of a tree that surrounds the inner layers.
Phloem The vascular tissue in trees responsible for transporting nutrients and sugars.
Piano Bench Hinge A hinge commonly used on piano benches, designed to fold the seat.
Piano Slow-Fall Hinge A hinge with a mechanism for a slow, controlled closing of piano lids.
Piano Stop Hinge A hinge designed to stop a piano lid from falling suddenly.
Piano Style Continuous Hinge A long hinge often used in applications such as piano lids or hinged lids.
Pickled Finish A finish created by applying a pickling stain to give wood a whitewashed look.
Pigment Brushes Brushes used for applying pigmented finishes or paints to surfaces.
Pilot Hole A small hole drilled before driving a screw or nail for improved accuracy.
Pinch Dogs Devices for holding a workpiece securely on a workbench or surface.
Pine (Eastern White Pine, Southern Yellow Pine) Various species of pine used in woodworking.
Pine Knot A dark, resinous knot found in pine wood.
Pipe Clamp A clamp designed to secure pipe or bar clamps for a wide range of woodworking tasks.
Pipe Clamp Fixture An accessory used with pipe clamps to secure and hold workpieces.
Pipe Clamps Clamps with a pipe or bar that provides clamping pressure.
Pipe Clamps with Deep Reach Pipe clamps designed to reach deep into large workpieces.
Pith The central, soft portion of a tree trunk found at the tree's core.
Pivot Cabinet Hinge A hinge designed for cabinet doors, allowing them to pivot when opened.
Pivot Door Hinge A hinge used in pivot-style doors, offering a unique opening mechanism.
Pivot Handle Clamp A clamp with a pivoting handle designed for quick clamping and release.
Pivot Hinge A hinge that allows a door or lid to pivot horizontally, often 180 degrees.
Plain Sawn A wood grain orientation produced by cutting boards parallel to the growth rings, resulting in a varied grain pattern.
Planer A power tool used for reducing the thickness of lumber and producing smooth, parallel surfaces.
Planing Stop A device used to secure workpieces on a workbench for planing and other tasks.
Planishing Hammer A hammer with a smooth, slightly convex head used for shaping and smoothing metal.
Plastic Mallet A mallet with a plastic head, commonly used for assembling woodworking joints without damaging the workpiece.
Plate Joiner A power tool used for creating slots in wood to join pieces with biscuits or other plate joinery techniques.
Plated Hinge A hinge with a plated finish, often used for decorative purposes.
Plow Plane A hand plane designed for cutting grooves, or "plows," into wood surfaces.
Plumb Bob A weighted tool used to determine vertical alignment, often in construction or woodworking.
Plunge Cut A cutting technique where a saw or router is plunged into the material, often used to create interior cuts.
Plunge Router A router designed to plunge the bit into the workpiece for creating interior cuts, mortises, or grooves.
Pocket Hole A hole drilled at an angle for screwing together pieces, often used in joinery.
Pocket Hole Jig A tool used for drilling pocket holes at precise angles for creating strong and concealed joints.
Pocket Hole Joint A type of joinery technique that uses pocket holes to connect wood pieces.
Poly Foam Brushes Brushes made with poly foam bristles, suitable for applying various coatings.
Polyacrylic Finish A finish combining the properties of polyurethane and acrylic, offering durability and fast drying times.
Polyester Brushes Brushes designed for applying finishes containing polyester resins.
Polyurethane A popular wood finish that forms a protective, clear coat over the wood, offering durability and water resistance.
Ponderosa Pine A species of pine known for its softwood used in woodworking and construction.
Pony Clamp A type of clamp designed for light-duty clamping tasks, often used in cabinetry and woodworking.
Poplar A versatile hardwood used in various woodworking applications due to its ease of workability.
Port Orford Cedar A cedar species known for its durable wood often used in boat building and outdoor applications.
Portable Sawmill A compact sawmill designed for easy transport and milling of logs on-site.
Portable Workbench A workbench designed for easy portability, making it convenient for on-the-go woodworking.
Pot Life The amount of time during which a two-part adhesive or epoxy mixture remains usable after mixing.
Powder Coating A dry finishing process where a powdered coating is applied and heated to create a durable, protective surface.
Power Sander A power tool designed for sanding wood surfaces efficiently and quickly.
Pre-Catalyzed Finish A wood finish containing pre-catalyzed resins for enhanced durability and performance.
Primary Growth Wood from the first part of a tree's life, known for its distinct characteristics.
Pumice A fine abrasive often used in woodworking for smoothing and polishing finishes.
Purpleheart A hardwood species known for its vibrant purple color and use in fine woodworking.
Push Stick A safety tool used to push wood through power tools while keeping hands away from the cutting area.
Quarter Sawn A wood grain orientation produced by cutting boards perpendicular to the growth rings, resulting in a distinctive ray or fleck pattern.
Quartersawn An alternative term for "Quarter Sawn."
Quartersawn Oak Oak wood cut with a quartersawn grain orientation, valued for its stability and unique appearance.
Quick Clamp A type of clamp designed for quick and easy one-handed operation.
Quick Release Clamp A clamp equipped with a quick-release mechanism for rapid clamping and unclamping.
Quick Release Hinge A hinge featuring a quick-release mechanism for easy door or lid removal.
Quick-Release Clamps Clamps that have a quick-release feature for rapid adjustment.
Quirk A small groove or recess often used for decorative purposes in moldings.
Rabbet A rectangular recess or groove cut into the edge of a workpiece, designed for joining with another piece.
Rabbet and Dado Joint A joint formed by combining a rabbet (rectangular groove) and a dado (rectangular channel) in woodworking.
Rabbet and Dado Joints A group of joints formed by combining rabbets and dadoes in woodworking.
Rabbet Block Plane A type of block plane designed for shaping and smoothing rabbets and grooves.
Rabbet Joint A woodworking joint formed by joining two pieces with rabbets that interlock.
Rabbet Plane A plane used for cutting rabbets, typically with a skewed iron for better control.
Radial Pertaining to the radius or a straight line extending from the center to the perimeter of a circle.
Radial Cut A method of cutting wood perpendicular to the growth rings, resulting in a prominent grain pattern.
Radiator Brushes Brushes designed for painting and finishing radiators and other narrow surfaces.
Radius The distance from the center of a circle to its outer edge, often used in describing rounded or curved features.
Rafter Clamp A clamp designed for securing rafters and roof framing during construction.
Rail and Stile A method of constructing doors and panels by joining horizontal (rails) and vertical (stiles) frame members.
Rainforest Tree Trees found in rainforests, characterized by high rainfall and diverse ecosystems.
Raising Hammer A specialized hammer used in metalwork for raising or shaping metal.
Rasp A coarse, flat file with cutting teeth used for shaping and smoothing wood, metal, and other materials.
Raspy Having a rough, coarse texture or sound, often used to describe a tool's abrasive quality.
Ratchet Clamp A clamp with a ratcheting mechanism for incremental tightening and clamping.
Ratcheting Bar Clamp A bar clamp equipped with a ratcheting mechanism for secure and adjustable clamping.
Rattan Finish A finish or treatment used on rattan and wicker furniture to enhance durability and appearance.
Rawhide Mallet A mallet with a head made of rawhide, used for shaping and forming metal without marring it.
Ray Cells Cells in wood that transport water and nutrients radially within the tree's trunk.
Ray Flecks Visible streaks or flecks in wood caused by the ray cells or parenchyma tissue.
Ray Parenchyma Cells found in wood rays responsible for storing and transporting nutrients.
Reclaimed Wood Lumber salvaged from old buildings, structures, or other sources for reuse in woodworking.
Red Elm A type of elm wood known for its reddish-brown color and use in furniture making.
Red Oak A hardwood species known for its attractive grain, durability, and various woodworking applications.
Red Spruce A species of spruce tree known for its use in musical instruments, particularly for soundboards.
Redwood A type of softwood known for its reddish color and use in outdoor applications, such as decking.
Replica Workbench A workbench designed to replicate historical or traditional woodworking styles.
Resawing The process of cutting a thick board into thinner boards along its width, often used to create bookmatched panels.
Resin A sticky, often transparent substance produced by trees used in wood finishing and other applications.
Resin Canal A microscopic tube or channel found in wood that can contain resins or other substances.
Resin Finish A wood finish that contains natural or synthetic resins for enhanced durability and protection.
Rift Sawn A wood grain orientation produced by cutting boards perpendicular to the growth rings, resulting in straight grain lines.
Riftsawn An alternative term for "Rift Sawn."
Rigger Brushes Brushes designed for maritime painting applications and detailed work.
Right Angle A 90-degree angle, often used for precise measurements and square assemblies.
Right Angle Clamp A clamp designed to hold workpieces at right angles, useful in square and perpendicular assemblies.
Ring Nails Nails designed with ringed shanks for improved holding power and resistance to withdrawal.
Ring Shake A separation of wood fibers that occurs between growth rings, often caused by stress or wind damage.
Ring-Porous Wood A type of hardwood characterized by large-diameter vessels and the distribution of pores in growth rings.
Rip Cut A cut made parallel to the grain of the wood, usually along the length of the board.
Rip Fence A guide or barrier used with a table saw for making straight-line cuts parallel to the edge of a workpiece.
Rip Hammer A type of hammer designed for framing work and driving nails, featuring a straight claw.
Rip Saw A saw with rip teeth designed for making straight cuts along the grain of wood.
Rip Tooth A saw tooth specifically designed for rip cutting, with chisel-shaped teeth.
Riparian Tree Trees that grow along the banks of rivers and streams, often adapted to water-rich environments.
Ripping The process of cutting wood along the grain, resulting in parallel boards.
Rising Butt Hinge A type of hinge that lifts the door slightly as it's opened to prevent dragging on the floor.
Riverbank Tree Trees that grow along riverbanks and are often adapted to fluctuating water levels and soil conditions.
Riveting Hammer A specialized hammer used in metalwork for driving rivets, often featuring rounded faces.
Riving The process of splitting wood along the grain using wedges or tools, often used in traditional woodworking.
Riving Knife A safety device on a table saw designed to prevent kickback by controlling wood as it passes over the blade.
Roman Workbench A traditional-style workbench design used in hand tool woodworking, often characterized by its heavy wooden top.
Rondel Chisel A small, circular chisel with a rounded cutting edge, used for carving and engraving.
Root The underground part of a tree or plant that anchors it to the soil and absorbs water and nutrients.
Root Collar The area at the base of a tree where the roots meet the trunk, often important for planting and stability.
Rootstock The lower portion of a grafted tree that provides the root system for the desired fruiting or flowering variety.
Rosewood A valuable tropical hardwood often used in fine woodworking for its rich color and distinctive grain.
Roubo Bench A traditional European-style workbench design, known for its sturdiness and versatility in hand tool woodworking.
Round Chisel A chisel with a rounded cutting edge, used for carving and shaping rounded or concave surfaces.
Round Gouge A carving tool with a rounded cutting edge, designed for creating hollow or concave shapes in wood.
Round Mallet A mallet with a round head, used for various woodworking tasks like driving chisels and carving tools.
Round Molding Plane A hand plane designed for creating decorative rounded profiles and moldings on wooden surfaces.
Round Nose Chisel A type of chisel with a rounded cutting edge, ideal for creating concave shapes and detailed carving work.
Roundover Bit A type of router bit used to round the edges of wood, providing a smooth and decorative profile.
Roundover Router Bit A router bit designed for rounding over the edges of wooden pieces to create a decorative and safe finish.
Router A power tool used for hollowing, grooving, and shaping wood by spinning a cutting bit at high speeds.
Router Bit A cutting tool designed for use in a router, available in various profiles for different woodworking tasks.
Router Fence A guide system attached to a router to ensure straight and consistent cuts, particularly when working with edges.
Router Guide Bushing An accessory for routers that guides the cutting bit to create consistent and precise cuts, often used with templates.
Router Plane A specialized hand plane designed for leveling and smoothing surfaces when using a router sled or jig.
Router Table A workbench-like structure with a router mounted underneath, used for safe and controlled routing operations.
Rubber Mallet A mallet with a rubber head, used for tasks that require gentle force without damaging the workpiece.
Ruck Up An informal woodworking term referring to a woodworking project or task that has gone awry or turned out poorly.
Rustic Finish A finishing style that enhances the natural, weathered appearance of wood, often used for rustic or antique-style furniture.
Rustic Workbench A workbench designed in a rustic or traditional style, often made of rough-hewn timber.
Sanding Clamp A clamp designed for holding sandpaper or abrasive sheets to assist with sanding and finishing tasks.
Sanding Finish The process of sanding wood to prepare it for a finish, ensuring a smooth and even surface for painting or staining.
Sanding Sealer A type of finish used to seal wood before final sanding and finishing, preventing the finish from soaking into the wood.
Sap The watery or sugary fluid found in living trees, primarily responsible for transporting nutrients and moisture.
Sap Stain Dark discoloration in wood caused by fungi growing in the sapwood, typically undesirable in woodworking.
Sapele A hardwood known for its attractive reddish-brown color and use in furniture making and veneer work.
Sapwood The outer, lighter-colored part of a tree's wood, responsible for conducting water and nutrients.
Sash Clamp A long clamp with two adjustable jaws, used for clamping large workpieces and in gluing sash windows.
Sash Clamps A group of long clamps with two adjustable jaws, commonly used for gluing sash windows and large projects.
Satin Finish A wood finish with a low sheen or gloss level, providing a smooth and soft appearance.
Saw Bench A simple workbench designed for use in woodworking, often for sawing and cutting tasks.
Saw Log A log suitable for milling into lumber or timber with the purpose of producing wooden planks.
Sawbench An alternative term for "Saw Bench."
Sawhorse A sturdy, portable frame used to support wood for cutting, sawing, or other woodworking tasks.
Scaling Hammer A specialized hammer used for removing scales, rust, and corrosion from metal surfaces.
Scandinavian Workbench A traditional workbench design with Scandinavian roots, emphasizing practicality and functionality in hand tool woodworking.
Scraper A hand tool with a flat or curved blade used for smoothing and leveling surfaces by removing fine shavings of wood or other materials.
Scraper Plane A hand plane designed specifically for fine woodworking tasks, using a scraper blade to produce a smooth surface.
Scraper Set A collection of scraper blades and tools used for fine woodworking tasks, particularly for smoothing surfaces.
Screw Clamp A type of clamp that uses threaded screws to secure and apply pressure to workpieces, often used in various woodworking applications.
Screwdriver Bit A specialized bit designed for use with a screwdriver to drive screws or bolts into wood and other materials.
Scribe A hand tool used for marking straight lines and measurements on wood, stone, or other materials.
Scroll Saw A specialized power saw equipped with a narrow, fine-toothed blade, used for intricate and detailed curved cuts in wood and other materials.
Scroll Saw Blade The cutting blade designed for use with a scroll saw, suitable for making intricate, curved cuts in various materials.
Scutch Hammer A masonry hammer designed for splitting or trimming stone and brick by using a scutch comb or chisel.
Secondary Growth The growth of a tree that occurs after its primary or initial growth phase, often resulting in annual growth rings.
Self-Closing Hinge A hinge designed to automatically close a door or lid when it's released, often used in cabinet and furniture construction.
Self-Closing Slides Drawer slides with a self-closing mechanism, ensuring drawers close smoothly and automatically when pushed near the closed position.
Sewing Machine Hinge A specialized hinge designed for attaching sewing machine cabinet lids, allowing them to fold away or stay open.
Shake A wooden shingle split from a bolt, often used for roofing and siding in traditional construction.
Shaker Bench A bench design influenced by Shaker-style furniture, known for its simple, functional, and minimalistic aesthetic.
Shaker Pegs Wooden pegs, often attached to rails, that are used for hanging and organizing tools, clothing, or accessories in Shaker-style furniture.
Sharpening Station A dedicated work area equipped with tools and accessories for maintaining and sharpening woodworking cutting tools.
Shaving Horse A traditional workbench used in green woodworking for holding wood while shaping or carving with a drawknife or spoke shave.
Shelf A horizontal surface or partition designed for holding items, often attached to a wall or inside a cabinet or bookcase.
Shelf Brackets Supports or brackets used to hold up shelves, available in various styles and designs to complement different aesthetics.
Shelf Clamp A clamp used to secure a shelf to its supporting brackets, preventing it from shifting or falling.
Shelf Clips Small hardware items designed for attaching shelves to adjustable standards or brackets.
Shelf Standards and Brackets Components of a shelving system consisting of vertical standards and brackets that hold shelves at various heights.
Shelf Supports Brackets, clips, or other devices used to hold and secure shelves in place within cabinets, bookshelves, or similar structures.
Shellac A natural resin-based finish often used in woodworking, providing a protective and glossy surface with a warm amber color.
Shellac French Polish A traditional finishing technique using shellac and pumice or rottenstone to create a high-gloss, lustrous finish on wood.
Shellac Sanding Sealer A sanding sealer made with shellac that helps prepare wood for a final finish, providing a smooth surface and sealing the wood grain.
Shooting Board A woodworking accessory used with hand planes to ensure precise, straight, and square cuts along the edge of a workpiece.
Shooting Plane A specialized hand plane designed for use with a shooting board, used to achieve precise and square edges on workpieces.
Shou Sugi Ban A Japanese wood preservation technique that involves charring wood surfaces, improving durability and appearance.
Shoulder The portion of a tenon that provides support and resistance to forces applied to the joint, often in mortise and tenon connections.
Shoulder Plane A specialized hand plane with a narrow blade used for fine-tuning and smoothing shoulders and other small areas in woodworking.
Shoulder Vise A vise mounted on the side of a workbench, designed for holding boards with their edges facing up for joinery work.
Side Rabbet Plane A hand plane designed for making rabbets along the edges of boards, typically used in joinery and cabinetmaking.
Silk A silky, fine fiber produced by silkworms and used in various applications, including woodworking, for its polishing properties.
Single Pin Hinge A hinge with a single pivot point designed for use in cabinet doors, allowing them to swing open and closed.
Sinker Wood Wood that has been submerged in water, often for an extended period, and has subsequently sunk to the bottom of a body of water.
Skew Block Plane A type of hand plane with a skewed blade designed to reduce tear-out when planing end grain and creating a shearing cut.
Skew Chisel A chisel with a blade angled to one side, designed for carving and paring in tight or angled spaces.
Skew Gouge A carving tool with a skewed cutting edge, used for shaping and carving in tight or curved areas.
Skew Rabbet Plane A hand plane designed for making rabbets with a skewed blade, improving cutting performance and reducing tear-out.
Skidder A heavy vehicle or piece of equipment used in forestry and logging for transporting logs and trees.
Skidding Tongs Large, powerful tongs designed for gripping and moving logs, often used in logging and forestry operations.
Slab Cut A milling technique that produces wide, flat boards by cutting the log perpendicular to the growth rings.
Sledgehammer A heavy, long-handled hammer designed for delivering powerful blows to drive stakes, break up concrete, and perform demolition tasks.
Sliding Bevel Gauge A tool used for transferring and measuring angles, consisting of a handle and a blade with a sliding bevel mechanism.
Sliding Deadman An auxiliary workbench accessory, often used with a traditional workbench, to support long workpieces during planing or assembly.
Sliding Deadman Bench A workbench with a built-in sliding deadman, offering additional support and clamping capabilities for woodworking tasks.
Sliding Door Hardware Hardware designed for sliding doors, including tracks, rollers, guides, handles, and locks used for smooth and efficient operation.
Sliding Panel A panel that slides horizontally or vertically within a frame, commonly found in cabinetry and as room dividers.
Sliding T-Bevel A versatile tool used to measure, transfer, and set angles in woodworking and construction by adjusting the blade's position.
Slip Joint Hinge A hinge designed for applications where the two parts (such as cabinet doors) must be able to pivot and close flush with each other.
Sloyd Bench A workbench designed for Sloyd, a form of woodworking education that emphasizes hand tool skills and creativity.
Sloyd Knife A type of knife with a sharp, pointed blade used for woodworking and carving in the Sloyd tradition.
Smoked Finish A finishing technique in which wood is treated or stained to achieve a smoky or aged appearance, often used for antique-style furniture.
Smoothing Plane A hand plane designed for creating a smooth, fine finish on wood surfaces, removing fine imperfections and preparing for final finishes.
Snipe Bill Plane A specialized hand plane with a curved sole, used for planing curved or irregular surfaces, as well as creating deep hollows.
Soft-Faced Hammer A hammer with non-marring faces, often made of rubber, plastic, or other soft materials, to prevent damage to workpieces.
Soft-Faced Mallet A mallet with non-marring faces made from materials like rubber or plastic, designed for delicate and non-destructive woodworking tasks.
Softwood Wood sourced from coniferous trees, often characterized by a straight grain, lighter color, and relative ease of working.
Softwood Tree A type of tree with needles or scale-like leaves, typically cone-bearing and categorized as coniferous, providing softwood timber.
Solar Kiln A type of wood drying kiln that uses solar energy to accelerate the drying process of freshly cut or sawn lumber.
Southern Pine (Shortleaf Pine, Slash Pine) A collective term for various pine tree species, including Shortleaf Pine and Slash Pine, common in the southern United States and used in construction and woodworking.
Southwest-Style Workbench A workbench design influenced by the Southwestern style, known for its rustic and distinctive visual appeal.
Spacers Small objects or components used to create a predetermined gap or distance between two parts or surfaces in woodworking and construction.
Spalted Wood Wood that has undergone a process of discoloration and dark line formation due to fungal activity, often prized for its unique appearance in woodworking.
Spalter Brushes Brushes designed for the spalting technique, used to apply spore suspensions or other substances to create spalted patterns in wood.
Spalting The process of intentional wood decay, often using fungi to create unique patterns and colorations in the wood, primarily used for decorative purposes.
Spar Varnish A type of varnish specifically designed for use on wooden boat spars and other outdoor applications, providing durability and UV resistance.
Special Application Hinge A hinge designed for unique or specific applications, offering solutions beyond the typical door or cabinet hinge functions.
Spindle A cylindrical rod or shaft, often used in woodworking for turning on a lathe to create various rounded shapes and profiles.
Spindle Chuck A device used in woodturning that holds the workpiece securely on the lathe spindle, allowing it to be rotated and shaped with tools.
Spindle Lock A feature on some power tools, particularly routers, that locks the spindle in place to facilitate changing bits or performing maintenance.
Spindle Molder A woodworking machine used for shaping wood by rotating a cutter around a stationary workpiece, commonly used for moldings and other profiles.
Spindle Roughing Gouge A type of gouge used in woodturning for the initial shaping of a workpiece, typically larger and more robust than detail gouges.
Spindle Sander A stationary power tool with a cylindrical sanding drum used to smooth and shape curved wooden surfaces, such as those created on a lathe.
Spindle Turning A woodturning technique where a workpiece is mounted between centers on a lathe and rotated on a spindle to create cylindrical or rounded shapes.
Spiral Upcut Bit A type of router bit designed with spiral flutes that pull wood chips up and away from the workpiece, reducing chip-out and improving cutting performance.
Spline A thin strip of wood or other material inserted into a groove or dado, often used for aligning and strengthening joints, such as miter joints.
Spline Joint A woodworking joint created by inserting a spline into matching grooves in two adjoining pieces, enhancing joint stability and alignment.
Split Nut Screwdriver A specialized screwdriver used for turning split nut fasteners, often found in certain types of vise hardware and other woodworking equipment.
Splits Cracks or separations in wood fibers or a workpiece, which can be caused by various factors such as drying, impact, or age.
Spoke Shave A hand tool used for shaping and smoothing curved wooden surfaces, such as chair legs and wheel spokes, with a pair of handles and a cutting blade.
Spokeshave An alternative spelling for "spoke shave," describing the same type of hand tool used in woodworking for shaping and smoothing curved wooden surfaces.
Spokeshave Blade The cutting blade or iron used in a spokeshave, adjustable to control the depth of the cut and the smoothness of the workpiece's surface.
Spoon Gouge A type of gouge used in woodcarving and woodworking with a curved, spoon-shaped profile, often used for carving concave shapes and decorative details.
Spray Finish A finishing technique that involves applying a finish, such as paint, lacquer, or varnish, using a spray gun or aerosol can for a smooth and even coat.
Spring Clamp A type of clamp with spring-loaded jaws, often used for holding workpieces together or securing them in place temporarily during woodworking tasks.
Spring Clamps Multiple spring clamps, often used for holding and securing various workpieces during woodworking tasks.
Spring Hinges Hinges equipped with springs that automatically return the door or lid to a closed position when not held open, commonly used in doors and cabinet hardware.
Springwood The portion of a tree's annual growth rings that forms early in the growing season, typically appearing lighter in color and less dense than latewood.
Sprout A new shoot or growth emerging from a tree trunk or stump, often appearing as a result of coppicing or regrowth following damage or harvesting.
Spruce (Sitka Spruce, Engelmann Spruce) A type of softwood commonly used in woodworking, with varieties like Sitka Spruce and Engelmann Spruce prized for their qualities in musical instrument construction.
Spur In woodworking, a pointed, cylindrical projection often found on a lathe center, used to grip and rotate a workpiece during turning operations.
Spur Bit A type of drill bit with a central point and spurs on the sides, designed for drilling clean holes in wood, especially for dowel joints and through holes.
Spur Center A lathe accessory that supports and drives a workpiece during turning operations, featuring a central spur that grips the wood's surface for rotation.
Spur Point Bit Another term for a spur bit, describing a drill bit designed for drilling accurate and clean holes in wood using spurs to score the wood fibers.
Square A tool with a right angle or 90-degree shape, used for checking and marking right angles and ensuring woodworking projects are square and true.
Square Chisel A type of chisel with a square-shaped cross-section, commonly used for creating precise, square-edged recesses and mortises in woodworking.
Stain A coloring or finishing product applied to wood to change or enhance its color while allowing the wood grain to remain visible, providing protection and aesthetics.
Stain Finish The result of applying a stain to wood, altering its color or appearance to achieve a desired aesthetic or match other wood elements in a project.
Staining Brushes Brushes designed for applying wood stains, allowing for even and controlled distribution of the stain across the wood surface.
Staircase Plane A specialized woodworking plane used to shape and smooth stair components, such as handrails, newel posts, and balusters, with curved and profiled surfaces.
Stand Tree A solitary tree often used as a reference point or as a distinctive feature in a landscape, woodland, or forest.
Steel Hammer A hammer with a steel head, suitable for various woodworking and construction tasks, including driving nails, chiseling, and light demolition.
Stencil Brushes Brushes designed for stenciling, typically featuring short, stiff bristles for applying paint or other media evenly and accurately within stenciled designs.
Stencil Sponges Sponges used in conjunction with stencils for applying paint or other materials to create defined and precise designs on surfaces, including wood.
Stile The vertical framework member of a door, cabinet, or panel, often found at the sides, used to support and provide structure to the overall assembly.
Stilt Roots Tree roots that extend above the ground surface, often seen in mangroves, providing support and stability to the tree in waterlogged environments.
Stippling Brushes Brushes with short, stiff bristles used for stippling, a painting technique that involves creating patterns or textures by applying dots or small touches of paint.
Stock The raw material or workpiece, often a piece of wood, that is used for a specific woodworking project before it is shaped, joined, and finished into the final product.
Stone Mallet A mallet with a stone head, typically made of granite, used for carving, sculpting, or shaping materials like wood, stone, or metal.
Stone Sledge Hammer A heavy hammer with a large stone head, used for various applications such as breaking stone or driving stakes in woodworking and construction.
Stonemason's Hammer A specialized hammer designed for use by stonemasons, featuring different striking faces for various stone working tasks such as shaping, splitting, or trimming.
Stonemason's Mallet A mallet designed for stonemasonry work, often featuring a head made of wood or rubber and used for precision tasks like carving or engraving stone.
Stop Block A device used in woodworking to limit the travel or movement of a workpiece or tool, ensuring accurate and repeatable cuts or joinery operations.
Straight Gouge A type of gouge with a straight, U-shaped profile used in woodcarving for creating concave shapes and details in the wood.
Straight-Peen Hammer A hammer with a straight peen, or flat face, used for striking and shaping metal, such as rivets or blacksmithing work in combination with an anvil.
Strap Clamp A clamping device that uses a strap or band to encircle and secure workpieces, often used for irregularly shaped objects or projects that require even pressure distribution.
Strap Clamps Multiple strap clamps, often used in tandem for securing or clamping large, irregularly shaped, or complex workpieces in woodworking tasks.
Strap Hinge A hinge consisting of a long, flexible strap with mounting plates at either end, used in applications like gates, doors, and cabinets, allowing a wide range of movement.
Strap Plane A specialized hand plane designed for creating concave shapes in wooden surfaces, often used in chairmaking and other fine woodworking applications.
Streamside Tree A tree located near the banks of a stream, river, or water body, typically adapted to wet or riparian environments, providing habitat and erosion control.
Stripping Brushes Brushes used for removing paint, varnish, or other finishes from wood surfaces, often equipped with bristles or abrasive materials for effective stripping.
Subtropical Tree A tree that grows in regions with a subtropical climate, featuring moderate to high temperatures and distinct wet and dry seasons, influencing the tree's growth characteristics.
Sucker A new shoot or growth that sprouts from the base of a tree or its root system, often removed or pruned to promote the growth of the main stem or branches.
Sugar Pine A large pine tree species native to western North America, known for its tall, straight trunk and valuable timber used in various woodworking and construction applications.
Summerwood The denser, darker wood formed later in the growing season as part of an annual growth ring, typically appearing as the darker portion of the ring in contrast to springwood.
Swamp Tree A tree species adapted to grow in wet, waterlogged, or swampy environments, with characteristics that allow them to thrive in such conditions.
Swing Chisel A chisel with a curved or angled cutting edge, often used for shaping internal contours, holes, or hard-to-reach areas in woodworking and woodcarving projects.
Swivels Mechanisms that allow free rotation or pivoting around a fixed point or axis, commonly used in various woodworking applications, such as vise hardware or swivel casters.
Sycamore A hardwood tree species known for its distinctive mottled and interlocked grain patterns, often used in woodworking for furniture, cabinetry, and veneer applications.
Synthetic Brushes Brushes with synthetic bristles, commonly used for various painting and finishing applications in woodworking, offering durability and versatility.
T-Hinge A type of hinge with two flat plates that form an "T" shape when installed, often used for applications like gates, doors, and chest lids, allowing pivoting movement.
T-Nuts T-shaped nuts that can be inserted into wood or other materials to provide a threaded anchor point for bolts or machine screws, often used in woodworking for assembly and fixtures.
Table Fittings Hardware and components designed for the construction and assembly of tables, including items like leg brackets, corner brackets, and table locks.
Table Hardware Various hardware elements and components used in the construction, assembly, and functionality of tables, including hinges, slides, connectors, and other table-specific parts.
Table Hinge A hinge designed specifically for use on tables, providing pivot points and allowing for folding, extending, or adjusting the table's configuration.
Table Saw A stationary power tool equipped with a circular saw blade that extends through a worktable, primarily used for cutting wood, making rip cuts, crosscuts, bevel cuts, and other woodworking tasks.
Table Saw Fence A guide or rip fence system attached to a table saw, helping to ensure straight and parallel cuts by holding the workpiece at a consistent distance from the saw blade.
Tack Claw Hammer A small hammer designed with a split-head configuration, often featuring a magnetic holder to secure tack or nail heads in place while driving them.
Tack Cloth A sticky cloth used to remove dust, dirt, and particles from surfaces before finishing or painting, ensuring a clean and smooth application of the finish.
Tack Hammer A lightweight hammer used for driving tacks or small nails into wood or other materials, commonly used in upholstery and other applications where a delicate touch is required.
Tail Vise A type of woodworking vise mounted at the end or tail of a workbench, designed for holding workpieces securely while being planed, cut, or shaped.
Tamarack A tree species known for its dense wood and resistance to decay, commonly used for outdoor applications like fence posts and other woodworking projects requiring durability.
Tampico Brushes Brushes with bristles made from tampico fibers, a natural material obtained from the agave plant, often used for various painting and finishing applications in woodworking.
Tangent A straight line or surface that touches a curve or curved object at a single point without crossing it, often used for reference or measurement in woodworking geometry.
Tangential In woodworking and wood science, referring to a cut or measurement that is taken parallel to a tree's growth rings, following the curvature of the log or wood grain.
Tangential Cut A type of wood cut taken parallel to the growth rings, following the curvature of the log or wood grain, often used for creating lumber with specific grain patterns.
Tannins Chemical compounds present in wood that can react with iron and other substances, causing discoloration and staining, often used in tannin-rich woods like oak.
Tapered Bit A drill bit that gradually narrows in diameter from the tip to the shank, used for creating conical holes and countersinks in wood and other materials.
Tapered Tenon Cutter A tool used for shaping and forming tapered tenons, often used in joinery to create strong and tight-fitting connections in woodworking projects.
Taproot The primary root of a plant that grows directly downward, providing stability and nutrient absorption, often seen in trees and other deep-rooted plants.
Teak A tropical hardwood tree known for its durability and resistance to decay, often used in outdoor furniture and boat building, prized for its strength and attractive appearance.
Teak Oil A finishing product designed for use on teak wood, enhancing its natural beauty while providing protection against moisture and weathering in outdoor applications.
Tearout Undesirable wood fiber damage occurring during cutting or machining, resulting in torn or splintered wood surfaces, often minimized through proper tool selection and techniques.
Tectus Hinge A concealed hinge system known for its three-dimensional adjustability and the ability to create completely flush, streamlined door installations in architectural and cabinetry applications.
Temperate Tree A tree species found in regions with temperate climates, characterized by moderate seasonal temperature variations, influencing the tree's growth patterns and wood characteristics.
Tennon Saw An alternative spelling for "tenon saw," used to describe the same type of saw designed for cutting tenons and making precise cuts in joinery.
Tenon A projecting piece of wood formed on the end of a workpiece, typically rectangular or cylindrical, that fits into a corresponding mortise to create a secure joint in woodworking.
Tenon Saw A saw designed for making precise cuts in joinery, particularly for cutting tenons, featuring a fine-toothed blade and a reinforced spine for stability and accuracy.
Tenoning Jig A woodworking accessory used in conjunction with a saw, router, or other tools to make the process of cutting tenons more precise, safe, and efficient.
Tension Wood A type of wood growth characterized by high longitudinal tension that results in warping, bowing, or twisting, typically found in hardwood species like poplar and willow.
Thickness In woodworking, the measurement of the distance between two opposite surfaces of a workpiece, often a crucial factor in project design and dimensioning.
Thorn A small, sharp-pointed projection or spine on the branch or stem of a tree, often found on species like hawthorns and black locust, serving as protection or defense against herbivores.
Through and Through Refers to a method of cutting lumber from a log where boards are sawn straight through the log's diameter, resulting in plain-sawn or flat-sawn lumber.
Through Mortise A type of mortise joint that goes completely through the workpiece, allowing a tenon to pass through the mortise, creating a strong and visible connection.
Timber Framing A traditional construction method that uses heavy timber posts and beams to create the framework of buildings, known for its strength and durability.
Timber Stand Improvement (TSI) Forest management practices aimed at improving the health, growth, and quality of a forest stand, often involving thinning, pruning, and other interventions.
Timber Tree A tree primarily grown for its wood, often harvested for lumber and other wood products used in construction, woodworking, and various applications.
Timberline Tree A tree species that can survive and grow at high altitudes near or above the timberline, often characterized by its adaptation to harsh mountainous environments.
Tinner's Hammer A specialized hammer used by tinsmiths or roofers for working with sheet metal, often featuring a flat face for flattening and shaping metal surfaces.
Toggle Clamp A type of clamping mechanism that uses a toggle action to exert force and securely hold workpieces in place, commonly used in woodworking and metalworking.
Toggle Clamps Clamping devices utilizing a toggle mechanism, providing a quick and convenient way to hold items together or secure them to workbenches and fixtures.
Toggle Latch A latch mechanism incorporating a toggle action, commonly used in woodworking, cases, and cabinets to secure doors, lids, or panels.
Tongue A projecting strip or ridge on the edge of a wooden board, designed to fit into a corresponding groove (the "groove") in another board, forming a tongue and groove joint.
Tongue and Groove Joint A type of joint where a tongue (protruding piece) on one board fits into a groove (recessed channel) on another board, creating a strong and flush connection, often used in flooring and paneling.
Tongue and Groove Plane A woodworking plane specifically designed for cutting tongues and grooves to create tongue and groove joints, commonly used for flooring and paneling applications.
Toning Finish A finishing technique involving the application of a translucent color or stain to wood to alter or even out its appearance while maintaining the grain's visibility.
Tool Bar A horizontal or vertical storage device in a workshop or tool cabinet designed to hold and organize various hand tools for easy access and efficient use.
Tool Cabinet A storage cabinet or chest designed for the organization and safekeeping of hand tools and woodworking equipment, often featuring drawers, shelves, and compartments.
Tool Rack A wall-mounted or freestanding storage system equipped with hooks, pegs, or other holders for the display and organization of hand tools in a workshop or garage.
Tool Rest A supportive platform or structure in woodturning or grinding machinery that holds workpieces or tools securely in place during shaping, cutting, or finishing processes.
Tool Tray A portable container or compartmentalized tray designed to carry and organize a set of hand tools for convenient transport and accessibility on job sites or in workshops.
Tool Well A recessed area or compartment within a workbench, tool chest, or worktable, designed to hold and store hand tools, ensuring easy access and organization in a woodworking workspace.
Tooth Set The arrangement and spacing of teeth on a saw blade, determined to optimize cutting performance, including factors like cutting speed and chip removal in woodworking and other applications.
Topcoat Finish A protective and decorative finish applied as the final coat to a wood surface, enhancing its appearance while providing resistance to wear, UV rays, moisture, and other environmental factors.
Track Saw Clamp A clamp designed for use with a track saw guide system, ensuring accurate and straight cuts by securely attaching the saw to the guide track during woodworking and carpentry projects.
Trammel Points A pair of adjustable points mounted on a beam or bar used in combination with a trammel for marking, drawing, or scribing circles, arcs, or other shapes on a workpiece in woodworking.
Transition Plane A woodworking plane with a curved sole, used for shaping transitions between flat and curved surfaces, often found in chairmaking and other projects requiring complex curves.
Treadle Lathe A type of foot-operated lathe powered by a person pressing on a foot pedal (treadle) to turn the workpiece, commonly used in historic woodworking and traditional craftsmanship.
Tree Sapling A young tree that has recently germinated and begun to grow, typically small in size and in the early stages of development, requiring care and time to reach maturity.
Trigger Clamp A quick-acting clamp featuring a trigger-like mechanism to apply pressure and hold workpieces securely, commonly used in woodworking and DIY projects for fast and efficient clamping.
Tropical Tree A tree species native to tropical climates, characterized by lush, evergreen foliage and high humidity tolerance, often used in woodworking for its exotic and valuable hardwood.
Trunk The main stem of a tree that supports branches and foliage, serving as the central axis for the transportation of water, nutrients, and structural support throughout the tree's life.
Try Plane A woodworking plane, often longer than a smoothing plane, used for removing material quickly and leveling large surfaces, contributing to the flatness and straightness of woodwork.
Try Square A measuring and marking tool with a right-angle handle, used to check the squareness of edges and corners in woodworking, carpentry, and other precision construction applications.
Tuckpointing Trowel A specialized trowel with a pointed blade designed for repointing, restoring, or repairing the mortar joints in masonry and brickwork, ensuring a clean and finished appearance.
Tung Oil A natural oil derived from the tung tree's seeds, often used as a wood finish to enhance the wood's appearance, provide water resistance, and maintain the wood's natural look and feel.
Tung Oil Finish A wood finish or varnish using tung oil as the primary component, known for its ability to penetrate wood, providing a protective, water-resistant, and natural-looking finish.
Tungsten Carbide A very hard and durable material commonly used in the production of cutting tools, including saw blades, router bits, and drill bits, due to its exceptional wear resistance.
Turn Buttons Small, screw-like fasteners with a decorative and functional head, often used to secure the backs of picture frames or doors, providing a neat and concealed closure or attachment method.
Turnbuckle A device used for adjusting the tension or length of a cable, wire rope, or rod, consisting of two threaded eye bolts and a central barrel or sleeve that can be rotated to achieve the desired tension.
Turned Wood Wood that has been shaped and carved on a lathe to create symmetrical, rounded, or cylindrical forms, often used in the production of furniture legs, balusters, spindles, and decorative objects.
Twig A small, thin branch or shoot on a tree or shrub, often characterized by its flexibility and position at the end of a branch, where leaves, flowers, or buds may grow.
Twist A distortion or deformation in wood caused by irregular grain patterns or internal stress, resulting in a spiral or helical distortion, making the wood challenging to work with or causing structural issues.
Twisting The process or act of creating a spiral or helical shape, pattern, or design, often used in woodworking to add decorative elements, curves, or contours to the surface of a piece.
Understory Vegetation or plant growth beneath the main canopy of a forest, typically composed of smaller trees, shrubs, herbs, and groundcover, playing an essential ecological role in forest ecosystems.
Understory Tree A tree species that naturally thrives and grows in the understory of a forest, often adapted to lower light conditions and contributing to biodiversity and ecosystem health.
Upholstery Hammer A specialized hammer used in upholstery work to secure fabric, padding, or upholstery materials to furniture frames and surfaces, typically featuring a magnetized face for holding tacks or nails.
Urban Forestry Tree A tree species commonly found in urban and suburban environments, strategically planted for shade, aesthetic, air quality, and ecological benefits in cities and populated areas.
V-Groove Chisel A woodworking chisel with a V-shaped blade, used for creating V-grooves or channels in wood, often employed for decorative and functional purposes, such as joinery and decorative accents.
V-Parting Tool A woodcarving tool with a V-shaped cutting edge, used for making grooves, channels, or decorative incisions in wood, stone, or other materials, typically employed in carving and sculpture.
Vacuum Kiln A specialized kiln that employs vacuum pressure to lower the boiling point of water, effectively drying wood or other materials at lower temperatures to prevent warping or other defects.
Varnish A transparent or semi-transparent finish typically made from resin, solvent, and drying agents, used to protect wood surfaces from moisture, wear, and UV damage while enhancing their appearance.
Varnish Brushes Brushes specifically designed for applying varnish or other finishes to wood surfaces, often featuring fine bristles and a shape suitable for achieving a smooth and even application.
Vascular Bundles Plant tissues that serve as the conducting system for water, nutrients, and sugars within a plant, typically found in the stems and roots of trees, assisting in the growth and transport processes.
Veiner A specialized woodworking chisel or gouge used to create deep, narrow channels, furrows, or veins in wood, often utilized for decorative detailing, ornamentation, and relief carving.
Veneer Thin sheets or slices of wood, typically sliced, peeled, or sawn from a log, used to cover the surface of furniture, cabinetry, or other wood products, adding an attractive and durable finish.
Veneer Saw A saw designed for cutting thin veneer sheets from a larger piece of wood, ensuring precision and minimal waste, commonly used in veneering and marquetry applications.
Veneer Tape A thin, flexible adhesive tape used to edge or seam veneer sheets together, creating continuous veneer surfaces, improving the appearance and strength of veneer applications in woodworking.
Vessel Elements A type of cell found in the xylem of plants, responsible for conducting water and minerals, serving a crucial role in transporting nutrients and supporting the structure of trees and other plants.
Vise Jaw The movable or stationary jaws of a vise used to grip and hold workpieces securely in place during various woodworking or metalworking tasks, providing stability and precision.
Wagon Vise A vise often incorporated into a workbench, designed to hold longer workpieces horizontally, perpendicular to the workbench's main axis, facilitating planing, shaping, and other tasks.
Wainscoting A decorative wall treatment in which wood paneling, usually made of vertical tongue and groove boards, covers the lower portion of an interior wall, providing both aesthetic and functional benefits.
Wallboard Hammer A specialized hammer designed for fastening drywall or wallboard to wall studs, typically featuring a rounded head for driving nails without damaging the wall surface.
Walnut A dark and richly colored hardwood often used in high-end furniture and cabinetry due to its attractive grain patterns and excellent workability, valued for its beauty and durability.
Wane The presence of bark, sapwood, or irregular edges on the surface of a piece of lumber, often resulting from poor sawing techniques and diminishing the wood's usable and aesthetic qualities.
Waney Edge The natural, irregular edge of a piece of lumber where the bark and outer edge of the tree's growth ring are retained, commonly used for creating rustic or live-edge furniture and decorations.
Wardrobe and Storage Fittings Hardware, fixtures, and accessories designed for the assembly and organization of wardrobes, closets, storage units, and cabinetry, ensuring efficient and functional storage solutions.
Warping The deformation or bending of wood due to changes in moisture content, temperature, or uneven drying, causing boards or panels to lose their flatness or become twisted or cupped.
Warrington Hammer A type of hammer with a cross-peen or diagonal-peen head, primarily used for driving in nails and brads, commonly found in woodworking and carpentry applications for general fastening tasks.
Water-Based Finish A type of wood finish or coating that uses water as a solvent instead of traditional solvents like mineral spirits, offering a more environmentally friendly and low-odor finishing option.
Water-Based Polyurethane Finish A clear wood finish containing water-based polyurethane resins, applied to wood surfaces to protect against wear, moisture, and UV damage while preserving the wood's natural color and grain.
Waxing Brushes Brushes specifically designed for applying wax to wood surfaces, often featuring soft bristles for spreading wax evenly and achieving a smooth and lustrous finish in woodworking projects.
Weld-On Hinge A hinge designed for secure attachment by welding to a metal gate, door, or frame, ensuring durability and strength, often used in metalworking and heavy-duty applications for smooth movement.
Wenge A dark and exotic hardwood with a distinctive black and brown grain pattern, commonly used in fine woodworking and cabinetry for its unique appearance and durability.
Western Hemlock A species of coniferous tree found in western North America, used for lumber and plywood production, known for its fine-grained wood and various applications in construction and woodworking.
Western White Pine A North American softwood tree, valued for its lightweight and straight-grained wood, often used for construction, cabinetry, and various woodworking applications, including carvings and moldings.
Wetland Tree A tree species that thrives in wetland or marshy environments, contributing to ecosystem health and water filtration, commonly used in projects related to landscaping and environmental restoration.
White Oak A strong and durable hardwood with distinctive grain patterns, often used in furniture, cabinetry, flooring, and cooperage, prized for its appearance, strength, and resistance to decay.
White Pine A softwood tree species valued for its straight-grained and lightweight wood, often used for construction, cabinetry, and various woodworking projects, known for its versatility and ease of work.
Whitening Wax A type of wax used to lighten or whiten wood surfaces, often applied to remove dark stains or blemishes, restoring the wood's original color and providing a clean and polished appearance.
Whitewash A mixture of lime, water, and pigment used as a finish to lighten or color wood surfaces, providing a rustic and weathered appearance, often used in farmhouse-style or decorative woodworking projects.
Width The measurement of a wood piece's side-to-side or across-the-grain dimension, typically expressed in inches or millimeters, significant for determining the size and dimensions of wood materials.
Wild Grain Irregular or unpredictable patterns in wood grain, often characterized by dramatic variations, swirls, or deviations from the standard grain pattern, contributing to the uniqueness of each wood piece.
Winding Sticks Straight-edge tools used in pairs to check the flatness and twist in a board or workpiece, ensuring that the surface is level, without bowing or other deformities, in woodworking and carpentry.
Windshake A separation or crack that occurs within the growth rings of a tree, typically due to the wood's internal stresses or the tree's exposure to environmental conditions, potentially impacting the wood's integrity.
Windsor Chair A type of wooden chair characterized by its traditional British design, often featuring a curved, solid wood seat and spindles in the backrest, known for its comfort and classic aesthetics.
Windsor Knot A traditional, decorative wood-joining technique used in Windsor chair making, involving the splitting and interweaving of thin spindles or bars to create a solid and durable joint.
Wipe-On Finish A type of wood finish that is applied by wiping it onto the wood's surface, often using a cloth or sponge, creating a thin and even finish that enhances the wood's appearance and provides protection.
Wipe-On Polyurethane A clear wood finish that is wiped onto the wood's surface, typically used for adding protection and durability to wood surfaces, commonly applied in thin coats with a cloth or applicator.
Wire Brush A brush with bristles made from wire, used for cleaning, rust removal, or surface texturing in metalworking and woodworking, ideal for tasks involving aggressive material removal or surface preparation.
Wire Brush Finish A finishing technique involving the use of a wire brush to create a textured or distressed appearance on the wood's surface, providing a rustic, weathered, or antique look for decorative purposes.
Wire Nails Nails with a rectangular, flat head and a square shank, designed for fastening various materials, including wood, typically driven using a hammer or nail gun in woodworking and construction projects.
Wood Burning The art and craft of decorating wood by burning designs, patterns, or images into the wood's surface using heated tools or pyrography pens, creating intricate and personalized decorative wood pieces.
Wood Chisels Cutting tools with a sharpened metal blade, typically used by woodworkers for carving, shaping, and removing wood material, available in various sizes and shapes to suit different woodworking tasks.
Wood Conditioner A pre-finish treatment used on bare wood surfaces to prevent blotching or uneven stain absorption, ensuring a consistent and attractive appearance when applying stains or finishes to wood projects.
Wood Filler A material, often a paste or putty, used to fill gaps, cracks, or imperfections in wood surfaces, creating a smooth and level substrate for finishing, typically applied before staining or painting.
Wood Grain The pattern and direction of wood fibers or cells within a piece of wood, often characterized by its appearance, including straight, figured, curly, or burl grain patterns, influencing the wood's aesthetics.
Wood Lathe A machine used for spinning wood at high speeds, allowing craftsmen to shape, carve, turn, and create symmetrical forms, commonly employed in woodturning and spindle-making processes.
Wood Mallet A hand tool typically made of wood, used to strike chisels, carving tools, or other woodworking implements, offering control and force without damaging the tools or the surfaces being worked on.
Wood Movement The natural expansion and contraction of wood due to changes in moisture content and environmental conditions, an essential consideration in woodworking to prevent cracking, warping, or splitting.
Wood Screw A threaded fastener designed for securely joining wood pieces, often featuring a pointed end, coarse threads, and a head for driving the screw using a screwdriver or other suitable tool.
Wood Screw Thread The helical ridges on a wood screw that provide grip and allow it to self-tap and secure wooden pieces together.
Wood Sealer A protective coating applied to wood surfaces before staining or finishing to prevent moisture absorption and enhance the wood's longevity and appearance.
Wood Toner Finish A type of wood finish that combines characteristics of both stains and clear finishes, adding color to wood while still allowing the grain to show through, often used for fine furniture and cabinetry.
Wood Turning The process of shaping wood on a lathe by rotating it against cutting tools to create symmetrical and cylindrical forms, such as spindles, bowls, and other rounded objects.
Wood Veneer Thin slices or sheets of wood used to cover the surface of furniture, cabinets, or other wooden items, adding an attractive finish, often created by peeling or slicing logs.
Woodburn The art of decorating wood by scorching designs or patterns onto its surface using heated tools or pyrography pens, a technique known for creating detailed and personalized wood pieces.
Wooden Hand Screw Clamp A traditional hand-operated clamp with wooden jaws and a screw mechanism for securing workpieces in various woodworking tasks, including holding glued parts or creating edge joints.
Wooden Mallet A hand tool made of wood and typically featuring a cylindrical head used for striking chisels, carving tools, and other woodworking implements, providing force without damaging tools or work surfaces.
Wooden Plane A woodworking hand plane constructed with a wooden body and a metal cutting blade, used for smoothing and shaping wood surfaces, typically associated with traditional craftsmanship and fine woodworking.
Wooden Screw Clamp A type of clamp with wooden jaws and a screw mechanism used for holding and securing workpieces during woodworking operations, offering versatility and a gentler grip on wood surfaces.
Woodgrain Texture The pattern and texture of wood, characterized by the arrangement of wood fibers, cells, and grain patterns, which affect the aesthetics and appearance of wood products.
Woodscrew A screw specifically designed for joining two or more pieces of wood together, featuring various thread types, head styles, and sizes to accommodate different woodworking applications.
Woodworker's Bench A specialized workbench designed for woodworking tasks, often equipped with vises, bench dogs, and other fixtures to hold workpieces securely while cutting, shaping, and assembling wood.
Woodworking Mallet A mallet designed for woodworking tasks, typically made of wood or other non-marring materials, used for tapping chisels, carving tools, and joinery work without damaging the workpiece or tools.
Woodworking Vise A clamp-like device mounted to a workbench, equipped with jaws or dogs to hold wood securely during various woodworking operations, allowing for precision and stability when cutting, planing, or shaping wood.
Woodworking Vise Handle The handle on a woodworking vise used to tighten or release the vise's jaws, allowing for the adjustment and securing of workpieces during woodworking tasks, enhancing grip and control.
Workbench Apron A horizontal structural component beneath a workbench's top, connecting the legs and providing stability and support for the work surface, often used for clamping and attaching accessories.
Workbench Dogs Pegs or mechanisms built into a workbench top to assist in holding and securing workpieces, templates, or tools during woodworking, offering versatility and adaptability in various tasks.
Workbench Holdfast A clamping device typically used on a workbench for securing workpieces to the bench's surface, often operated by applying downward force to anchor the workpiece in place during hand tool operations.
Workbench Legs The vertical supports of a workbench, providing stability and height, typically constructed of wood or metal and attached to the bench's top, ensuring the workbench's structural integrity.
Workbench Top The flat and sturdy surface of a workbench, serving as the primary area for performing woodworking tasks, featuring holes, dog holes, and vises for clamping and holding workpieces securely.
Workbench Trestle A pair of horizontal crosspieces or supports beneath a workbench, often used to connect the legs and add stability and strength to the workbench's structure, ensuring durability during woodworking tasks.
Workbench Vise A vise attached to a workbench, designed to secure workpieces for various woodworking operations, including planing, sawing, carving, and assembly, offering stability and precision in workholding.
Workpiece The material or item being worked on during a woodworking or crafting project, such as a piece of wood, metal, or other material that undergoes shaping, cutting, assembly, or other treatments.
Wormholes Small holes or tunnels found in wood, created by wood-boring insects or beetles during their larval stage, often considered a defect in wood, but can also contribute to its unique and rustic appearance.
Xylem The vascular tissue in plants, including trees, responsible for transporting water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves, contributing to a tree's growth and development.
Yellow Birch A hardwood tree species known for its strong and heavy wood, characterized by a pale yellow or golden hue, often used in woodworking for furniture, cabinetry, flooring, and other applications.
Yellow Pine (Longleaf Pine, Loblolly Pine) A term used to describe various pine tree species with yellowish or light-colored wood, such as longleaf pine and loblolly pine, commonly used in construction, woodworking, and for making furniture and flooring.
Young Tree A tree in its early stages of growth and development, typically characterized by smaller size, more flexible branches, and less dense wood compared to mature or old-growth trees.
Zebrawood A tropical hardwood known for its distinctive and contrasting dark and light stripes, resembling a zebra's stripes, often used in woodworking and fine furniture making to create unique and visually striking pieces.


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